My own view is that the Western leaders were responsible for protecting democratic values that we enjoy today while the Soviet leadership’s ideology, aggressive and expansionist intrusions were mainly responsible for the development of the Cold War....
The circumstances of the Cold War made it different than previous international conflicts because it was the first conflict that could potentially lead to massive, worldwide destruction....
Marshall asked that all of the countries of Europe communists and capitalists alike to draw up a plan for economic recovery from the war.(13) The Soviets refused to participate, because they saw it as America using money to buy its way into good terms with Europe.
The end of World War II was the key element, because it did created freshly minted world with the US and the USSR standing against each other as two superpowers trying to surpass one another.
I consider understanding the nature of both countries vital in order to understand the whole meaning of the Cold War, because there is no clear definition whether the Cold War was an inevitable event or not....
The Cold War began after the Second World War had ended, although tensions between the two new superpowers, United States and Soviet Union, had been lasting since 1917 with the start of the Bolshevik revolution in Russia....
The Cold War started after the end of the Second World War in 1945 when the eyes of both superpowers were no longer looking at Nazi Germany, but instead at each other and the fate of the rest of the world.
However, this categorization of the Cold War has been proven false by many documents made public since the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990’s.
In other words, you demand that I renounce the interests of security of the Soviet Union, but I cannot turn against my country."(6) On the other hand, American General Lucius Clay, who was stationed in post war Germany commented " we must have the courage to proceed quickly with the establishment of a government for western Germany...42 million Germans in the British and American zones represent today the strongest outpost against Communist penetration that exists anywhere."(7) At this response Truman changed his attitude toward the Soviets with the words, " there isn’t any difference between the totalitarian Russian government and the Hitler government."(8) Furthermore, America decided to keep Stalin out of the loop about the Manhattan project, which furthered distrust, because Stalin learn about the bomb through espionage.
Considered a “cold war” because of the lack of large scale fighting between countries, this period had an extreme internal effect on home nation policies.
Truman’s change in attitude toward Stalin, from that of FDR’s negotiation with "Uncle Joe" to one committed to stopping the Soviet cause, led to the creation of a new American anti-Soviet political policy.
It was the response Truman gave to Britain, which delcared that they no longer could give military and economic aid to Greece.(9) In this speech Truman finally gave the Cold War official status, by stating the threat that the Soviet government had on national security.
To support Truman’s policy Senator Author Vandenburg stated " its time to scare the hell out of the American people with tales of communism on the march."(12) Thus, America was further contributed to cold war issues by committing to stop the spread of communism in areas of the world very remote from them.
This treaty showed a clear division of Communism verses Capitalism, and it declared that an attack against one of these nations would be an attack on all of them.(16) Thus, the United States used this treaty to escalate the cold War by showing the Soviet Union that all of the NATO countries sided with the US in the Cold War.