Because of the uncertainty surrounding his true character, Richard III is an intriguing personality to put into modern culture, which is exactly what Ian McKellen does in his rendition of the infamous ruler....
The ghosts that appear before Richard III and Richmond before their battle create an atmosphere of dread and suspense, and they also herald Richard's destiny.
Much has been made of Shakespeare's portrayal of Richard III and how the play and other Tudor-era writings have framed this oft-maligned monarch's brief reign. The opening speech to sets the tone from the first moment Richard enters the stage. Richard is a curiously—and often sardonically—introspective villain, and his initial soliloquy is tantalizing in the way that it infuses exposition with humanity.
The theme of fate and freewill is central to William Shakespeare’s play Richard III, in which Richard III battles with the two in his quest for the crown.
To this day there are arguments upholding Richard III’s villainy and ascertaining his murder of the Princes in the tower, just as there are those who believe that he has been falsely represented by Shakespeare’s play and fight avidly to clear his name of any and all crimes.
Or can one thus open his door to poverty, or hold the curb on his pleasures,or contemplate the endurance of pain? He who ponders these thingsin his beart is indeed full of joy; but it is not a cheerful joy. It is just this joy, however, of which I would have you become the owner;for it will never fail you when once you have found its source. Theyield of poor mines is on the surface; those are really rich whose veinslurk deep, and they will make more bountiful returns to him who delvesunceasingly. So too those baubles which delight the common crowdafford but a thin pleasure, laid on as a coating, and even joy that isonly plated lacks a real basis. But the joy of which I speak, thatto which I am endeavouriiig to lead you, is something solid, dis-
Richard Barnet, The Economy of Death (New York: Atheneum, 1969); Jeff Sharlett, “Manipulation of Men for a War Economy,” Science for the People Newsletter, Vol III, No. 3, July 1971, pp. 7, 8; and Barbara Barksdale Clowse, Brainpower for the Cold War: The Sputnik Crisis and the National Defense Act of 1958 (New York: Greenwood Press, 1981).