The essay must state its thesis in a short introductory paragraph, followed by a few body
paragraphs actually making the argument. As part of its evidence the essay must cite
specific passages of the Odyssey at least three times (not necessarily quote, but cite), using
book number and page number in the Mandelbaum translation: 2.30 2 book 2, page 30. You
may only use the Odyssey as evidence. Further details are below. For more tips on writing
this type of essay, a post-writing checklist, and student examples from essay 1, see the
relevant documents on Carmen.
Through each of these three characters commitment and devotion to Odysseus, it can be expressed that loyalty has a major meaning in the world of Odysseuss tale, but I would like to end this section by posing a question to be thought about. Penelope is shown as the most loyal of all by staying faithful and true to her husband even though they are not together. She resists time and time again the attempts of the suitors for her hand in marriage. So, why is it that Odysseus is so unfaithful to his wife? He is unfaithful with at least two characters Circe, whom he stays with for a year and Calypso, where he is held captive for seven years but sleeps in her bed. Of all the characters that are so loyal to Odysseus, why is he so unloyal in return?
The primary reason why your instructors frown on the passive voice is that they often have to guess what you mean. Sometimes, the confusion is minor. Let’s look again at that sentence from a student’s paper on Homer’s The Odyssey:
Thus many instructors—the readers making sense of your writing—prefer that you use the active voice. They want you to specify who or what is doing the action. Compare the following two examples from an anthropology paper on a Laotian village to see if you agree.
To repeat, the key to identifying the passive voice is to look for both a form of “to be” and a past participle, which usually, but not always, ends in “-ed.”
Need more help deciding whether a sentence is passive? Ask yourself whether there is an action going on in the sentence. If so, what is at the front of the sentence? Is it the person or thing that does the action? Or is it the person or thing that has the action done to it? In a passive sentence, the object of the action will be in the subject position at the front of the sentence. As discussed above, the sentence will also contain a form of be and a past participle. If the subject appears at all, it will usually be at the end of the sentence, often in a phrase that starts with “by.” Take a look at this example:
To a greater degree than its prequel, the Odyssey seems to give particular attention to family relationships. The ways in which parents, children, and spouses interact with and regard one another is explored through the narrative with several different outcomes. Think about the family situations in Ithaca, Mycenae, and Sparta, and about the relationships between the gods and their families within the Odyssey storyline. How can we read the marriage of Odysseus and Penelope? Menelaus and Helen? What is the importance of the relationship between fathers and sons? Household masters and servants? What values are conveyed about the noble household in Homer’s time in these interactions? What idea of justice is conveyed? Write an essay of 4-5 pages which explores one important family relationship and its outcome as it is portrayed in the Odyssey. You may, in addition to Homer, consider texts related to the narrative of the Odyssey in your essay, such as Aeschylus’ Oresteia, which dwells in the same territories and also speaks to this family-oriented dimension of Greek justice.
Folktales ofAarne-Thompson-Uther type 1161 (also categorized asmigratory legends of Christiansen type 6015) in which a troll or othersinister creature mistakes a bear for a cat (or other domestic animal), then quickly learns that bears do not make good pets.
- A web page that discusses the themes involved in the first four books of the Odyssey. Hospitality is also mentioned here as well as the development of Telemachus and religious faith. This provides a more specific area of the book for these themes.
In both paragraphs, the writer never specifies the actors for those two actions (Who did the gender training? Who established marketing links?). Thus the reader has trouble appreciating the dynamics of these social interactions, which depend upon the actors conducting and establishing these things.
- This is a link to a page that discusses other issues surrounding the Odyssey. It touches on immortality, the ideal woman, transitions, the importance of Ithaca, and the hero Odysseus. These are also good underlying issues in the Odyssey.
In our lectures on the Odyssey our discussions about spousal relationships have focused on
couples. For introductory purposes this makes sense, since the Odyssey features a husband-
wife pair as its main characters. Yet, one of our fundamental assumptions is that readers of
all sorts stand to learn a lot about personal relationships through a close and thoughtful
reading of the Odyssey. What about single persons? For this essay think about what non-
married persons stand to learn about long-term, exclusive, marrige-type relationships.
Imagine that the Office of Student Life at The Ohio State University is putting together a
booklet on relationship advice based on famous works of literature. They have
commissioned you to write the section on Homer’s Odyssey and they want to know:
According to the Odyssey, what kind of spouse should a single person be looking for? What
kind of potential spouse should a single person strive to be in order to gain the attention of
another would-be spouse? Answers to this question will likely talk about homophrosyne
(though they don’t have to); but it is not enough to say, “Single persons should look for
homophrosyne.” Think deeper, define your terms, and be specific.
With this thematic focus and imaginative frame, in this essay you must answer the