Phrases and clauses also need to be parallel if the sentence is to be logical, balanced, and easy to read. If one item in a series is a prepositional phrase, then every item should be prepositional phrase; if one item in a series is a verb phrase (beginning with an -ing or -ed verb), then every item in the series should be a verbal phrase; if one item is a relative clause, then every item should be a relative clause. Consider the following examples demonstrating good parallel structure:
Often faulty parallelism can be repaired by paying close attention to where you place your verbs. The faulty parallelism in the following sentence is easy to detect once you place boxes around the two elements of the not only but also construction:
With parallel structure, the reader can quickly process information and see relationships betweeidea. Strong writers use parallel structure to organize words, phrases, clauses, and even whole essays to guide readers through their ideas.
An easy way to check for parallel structure in a piece of writing, whether that structure is between words, phrases, clauses, or paragraphs in an essay, is to think of the core idea in the structure as the trunk of a tree, and each parallel item as a branch off that trunk; once you find the trunk, follow the trunk line to each of the branches directly, checking to ensure that the trunk connects strongly (and correctly) to each branch as illustrated in the diagram below:
It is important to note that one need not make all elements in a series exactly parallel; for instance, when all elements are nouns, some of the elements might also be accompanied by other words to complete an idea as in this example:
Rhetoric is an art, which improves the ability of discourse, especially of writers, speakers or artists and is aimed at persuading, informing or motivating a particular set or group of readers or audiences. As a student you might encounter such a situation in your life where you may have to present a in front of an audience. Basically, a rhetorical essay is an essay where you are required to write in a certain manner, which reflects persuasive language and writing style. In doing so you will have to make use of some special forms of expressions in your essay so that you are able to persuade and influence your target audience. Most of the rhetorical essay writers achieve this by exploiting some well known figures of speech such as an oxymoron, hyperbole, alliteration, personification, irony, metaphor, simile, parallelism, etc. and you can also do the same in your rhetorical essays. A certain bit of passionate appeal is involved in writing a rhetorical essay as the more passionate your essay appears to the readers, the more appealing it will be to them. A rhetorical essay can be written on virtually any matter a poetry, a prose, a drama, a play, a movie, a documentary, a match, an exhibition, a painting, a sculpture, an advertisement, an artifact or any other thing on which something can be written upon. The following steps will guide you in writing a rhetorical essay:
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115. As a rule, two or more sentence-elements that have the same logical office should be made grammatically parallel; i.e., if one is an infinitive, the other should be; if one is a relative clause, the other should be; if one is an appositive, the other should be; and so on.
The usual way to join parallel structures is with the use of coordinating such as "and" or "or."With the of words:With infinitive phrases:(Note: You can use "to" before all the verbs in a sentence or only before the first one.)Example 1Example 2Example 3A parallel structure that begins with clauses must keep on with clauses.
Parallelism means using the same pattern of words to show that two or more elements in the sentence have the same level of importance. A good writer uses parallelism to create clear and concise sentences, and also to reduce the work that the reader must do to understand the author's meaning. For example,