Every account of the author's life is true.
Avant-garde: Piece of art or literature, that is experimental and innovative, and transcends the norms that are generally accepted.
Business: Also known as , the term business denotes any on-stage activity like expressions, gestures, and general activity of the actors, other than blocking.
Bachic Foot: A foot in a poetry containing three syllables in which the first syllable has a light stress, and is followed by two heavy stresses.
Bacchic Meter: Very rare in English, bachic meter refers to a poem in which each foot has three syllables, all of which are heavily stressed.
Ballad Measure: A ballad measure consists of a four line stanza with four stress and three stress lines alternating with each other.
Craspey's cinquain had lines in increasing order of syllable count, starting with two in the first, four in the second, six in the third and eight in the fourth, returning to two syllables in the fifth line.
Classical: Work of art, drama, architecture, philosophy literature, and history related to the Romans and Greeks in between 1000 BCE and 410 BCE, is referred to as classical.
Classicism: A tradition that highlights the ideals like objectivity, emotional restraint, systematic thinking, clarity dignity, and promotion of general welfare, that were prevalent in ancient Greece and Rome is termed classicism.
Cliché: A saying, expression, or idea that has been used so often in works of literature that it has lost its original meaning and has become a stereotype.
Climax Rhetorical: An artistic arrangement of items so that they appear in increasing order of importance.
When I have pluck'd the rose,
I cannot give it vital growth again.
It must needs wither: I'll smell it on the tree.
Othello, Act 5, Scene 2
Here, Othello uses the term "light" to symbolize Desdemona, in a statement where he's essentially saying that first he'll extinguish the candles, then "extinguish" her (kill her).
Example: Representations of Darkness as Evil/Secrecy through Racial Slurs
And, noble signior,
If virtue no delighted beauty lack,
Your son-in-law is far more
fair than black
The Duke of Venice, Act 1, Scene 3
Despite the fact that the Duke is giving Othello a compliment, he says that Othello is "more fair than black", insinuating that it's a terrible thing to be black.
Example: Representations of Light as Purity/Good through Symbolism
Nor scar that whiter skin of hers than snow,
And smooth as monumental alabaster.
Yet she must die, else she'll betray more men.
Put out the light, and then put out the light:
If I quench thee, thou flaming minister,
I can again thy former light restore,
Should I repent me: but once put out thy light,
Thou cunning'st pattern of excelling nature,
I know not where is that Promethean heat
That can thy light relume
Example: Representations of Darkness as Evil/Secrecy through Animalization
Must bring this
to the world’s light.”
Iago, Act 1, Scene 3
By using the terms "hell" and "night", Iago not only displays his dislike for Othello by using "evil" terms (hell), he also dehumanizes Othello by using the term "monstrous" birth, creating a very negative connotation behind Othello's name.
Example: Representations of Darkness as Evil/Secrecy through Imagery
O, the more
she/And you the
Emilia, Act 5, Scene 2
Here, Emilia uses terms such as "the angel" and the "the devil" to apply ideas of good and bad, and the uses "blacker" as an adjective for devil to create negative connotations behind the color black.
This is opposed to in which a narrative begins somewhere in the middle of the plot, and recounts earlier events through a character's memories or flashback.
Abolitionist Literature: Any form of literary work, written in the nineteenth century, that was aimed at condemning slavery and slaveholders, and advocating abolitionism of slavery.
Abstract Diction or Abstract Imagery: Language that denotes the qualities that can't be perceived by the senses.
Darkness applies to both the theme of secrecy and hidden truths as well as the pertinent theme of racism
It's used throughout the play with metaphors, personification, imagery, animalization, and racial slurs
Theme Importance: Why racism is important to the play
Racism is an extremely important topic in this play because it applies to the main character's mindset: in some cases, it's believed that Othello actually had internalized racism, which further led to the death of Desdemona, as he felt it was his only shame.
dark could represent solely the interracial relationship between Othello and Desdemona, but to the deep reader, it is also shown that light represents purity and truth, whereas the dark represents stealth, negativity, and fear.
In literature, the word is associated with simplicity and denotes a retreat from the complexities of life.
Archaism: Deliberate use of words, expressions, spellings, or phrases that have become obsolete in the present era by a writer for artistic purposes.
Archetype: Archetypes are characters, images, and themes that evoke same response in readers across cultures and time because of their symbolic association with universal meanings.
Argument: The sequence of ideas or the plot of a poem that forms its conceptual structure.
Arthurian: Any piece of literature that is related to King Arthur.
Aside: A stage device through which a speaker communicates his thoughts and ideas to the audience through a short speech which, by convention, other characters on stage are unable to hear.
Assonance: Assonance is the repetition of identical or similar vowels (specially in stressed syllables), in words that occur in close sequence.
Asyndterm: It is a stylistic scheme in which conjunctions are intentionally removed from a string of related clauses.
It was, in fact, the age of English literature which witnessed the literary works of Sir Philip Sidney, Shakespeare, Sir Walter Raleigh, Francis Bacon, and Ben Jonson to name a few.
Emblem: A pictorial representation or an image that symbolizes a concept or represents a person like a king or a saint.
End Rhyme: A rhyme in which the last word of every verse rhymes.
It is continued throughout the play by use of metaphors, personification, and symbolism
Explanation: "Black"/"Darkness" = Evil
From the beginning of the play, we are able to find a negative connotation behind the word "black" or the use of darkness, specifically through all the characters' (specifically) Iago's racial slurs, animalization, and imagery.
Conclusion: Light and Darkness
a motif because....
Why is Light vs.