The purpose of this essay is to consider psychological research about the accuracy of eyewitness testimony and its placement in the criminal justice system.
Contribution to Literature and Current Knowledge
In my opinion, On the Witness Stand had a dramatic impact on the reliance of eyewitness testimony.
He said that both of the witnesses were respectable people, yet their recollections of the road conditions, how fast the automobile was traveling, and how many bystanders were present varied greatly.
In the final scenario described, one that took place on the sea-shore, one witness claimed that it was a women and a child standing by the sea shore, whereas another witness claimed that he saw a man with his dog.
A final note on the chapter of illusions stated by Münsterberg is that "Experimental psychology has at last cleared the ground, and do to ignore this whole science and to be satisfied with the primitive psychology of common sense seems really out of order when crime and punishment are in question and the analysis of the mind of the witness might change the whole aspect of the case." With this statement, Münsterberg hoped for the courtroom to come nearer to this truth and for them to share the word onto others.
And with this Münsterberg said that the courts will have to learn to take individual differences into account when interviewing on the witness stand because no two witnesses will be able to come up with the exact same conclusion.
Now that I have summarized the chapters I read in On the Witness Stand I want talk a little bit about what was going on in psychology during this time.
Soon after selecting a suspect, eyewitnesses are asked to make a formal statement confirming the identification and to try to recall any other details about events surrounding the crime.
If we consider that the majority of children that witness IPV are under six and would not be able to fully understand what is happening we can conclude that they would not be able to report their maltreatment (Hughes & Chau, 2013)....