Despite geographic and demographic differences in the Chesapeake and New England colonies, the most influential factor in determining why each colony developed differently was each colony's motives.
Through the 1600s and the early 1700s, three major colonial regions, the New England colonies, the Middle colonies, and the Southern colonies, formed and developed, and the economic freedom from land owning drew people to the North America.
By the end of the 17th century, New England colonists had tapped into a sprawling that connected them to the English homeland as well as the West African slave coast, the Caribbean's plantation islands, and the Iberian Peninsula. Colonists relied upon British and European imports for glass, linens, hardware, machinery, navigational instruments, paint, and well, you get the gist.
In contrast to the southern colonies, which could produce tobacco, rice, and indigo in exchange for imports, New England's colonies couldn't offer much to England beyond fish, furs, and naval stores. In spite of their shortcomings, the New Englanders built a thriving mercantile network and a lucrative shipbuilding system. After all, they needed fishing boats, and the regional economy quickly became dependent upon the sort of trade that only ships could produce at the time.
New Englanders began to profit mightily from trade with England, rather than simply supplying the mother country with cheap staples, as mercantilist doctrine demanded. In response, between 1698 and 1717, the English government imposed an on New England and New York by raising duties against major colonial exports like fish (to protect English fisheries) and meat (to protect English agriculture). This meant that the colonies were forced to purchase more from England than they were able to sell back.
The colonists dealt with this unfavorable situation by using their own ships to sell to other markets not subject to English taxation—the Azores, southern Europe, Madeira, and Newfoundland. But the New Englanders' most important trade, by far, occurred in the West Indies, where Americans sold bread, corn, flour, fish, beef, pork, horses, and bacon to the islands' planters, in part so that the planters could feed their slaves.
When immigrants fled form England due to religious persecution, they sailed to the New World and founded colonies such as Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and New England as model Christian societies....
Due to the differences in ideologies the colonies held, such as the Chesapeake Bay and New England colonies, the political, economical and cultural development differed between them.
Despite the fact that the English settlers of the New England and Chesapeake regions had similar colonial development, by the eighteenth century they had become into two, individual societies.
And what characterized the culture?
New England Colony Characteristics:
-Colonists lived in small towns and owned family farms
-Most were yeoman farmers in self-governing farming communities.
The differentiating characteristics among the Chesapeake and New England colonies developed due to geography, religion, and motives for colonial expansion....
-Relied on fishing
-Considered themselves "far more godly than all other colonists”.
-Begin having witch trials and witchcraft scares.
Culture in the New England Colonies
The Southern Colonies included:
The Southern Colonies
Why did colonists settle there?
We saw the seeds of diversity being sown in the early days of colonization when the Chesapeake and New England colonies grew into distinctive societies.
The cultural development of the Chesapeake Bay colonies and New England colonies differed greatly because the people who were attracted to each were very different....
The varying climate within the Americas proved to have an enormous impact on the source of revenue a colony would rely on to support its economy and this choice of trade would then quickly affect the need for slaves or lack thereof....
The Chesapeake region was a loosely fitted society with little connection with each plantation while the New England colonies had tightly knitted communities with a sort of town pride.