This particular translation does not specifically mention which edition was used.]
"'Panettone' and 'Panetto' or 'Panattone'--Paenettone means big bread--in the sense of fine or glorified bread.
Its place is take by a kind of very light bread-cake with raisins in it known as 'Panettone.' This special piece from the bakery is as universal right through Italy as the steaming brown ball of currants and raisins and spice and peel is with us."
---"Christmas in Rome," [London], December 15, 1899 (p.
Apples, cheese, and nuts with jolly carols end the "christmas husbandly fare." Tusser's plea for year-round hospitality makes sense in a world where fresh food was available only seasonally and enough to eat depended on a good harvest."SOURCE: "The greatest of the feasts celebrated was Christmas.
As Thomas Tusser counseled his readers, "At Christmas be merye, & thankful withall/& feast thy poore neighbors ye gret with ye small." Religious aspects of keeping Christmas changed during the seventeenth century, although many social customs like wassailing remained intact.
Christmas festivities often ended with a Twelfth Night banquet on the sixth of January, and the Christmas season was the time when the yeomanry and apprentices demanded finer quality bread and ale than they ordinarily received.
The mixture is rich with sugar, honey, butter, and eggs, perfumed with vanilla and sometimes liqueurs, and has a softness and lightness that makes it an ideal cake to have around at Christmas time.
"A Yorkshire Christmas-Pye.
First make a good Standing Crust, let the Wall and Bottom be very thick, bone a Turkey, aGoose, a Fowl, a Partridge, and a Pigeon, season them all very well, take half an Ounce of Mace,half an Ounce of Nutmegs, a quarter of an Ounce of Cloves, half and Ounce of black Pepper, allbeat fine together, two large Spoonfuls of Salt, mix them together.
A True Yorkshire pie, such as constitutes a standing dish during the Christmasfestivities at the hospitable board of a Yorkshire squire, is simply a raised pie filled with poultryand game of different kinds, put one inside the other and side by side.
Mincemeatoriginally meant simply minced meat...and we do not have any unequivocable evidence of itsbeing used in its current sense until the mid-nineteenth century.
Their X-shape might be interpreted as the Greek letter chi which looks like X and stands for the name of Christ."
---, Dorothy Gladys Spicer [Holt, Rinehart and Winston:New York] 1960 (p.
It keeps well, so in manyMilanese households a quarter of this festive bread would be hidden away until 3 February, the feast of San Biagio, a saint who intercedes for thosewith earache and sore throats, when as a potent relic of the Christmas rites it would be eaten for breakfast to ward off wintercolds...This survival from ancient Christmas rites was once connected with family rituals around the ceppo, a tree trunk or log, decked with evergreenfronds, upon which gifts for the household and family were placed, and which, after their distribution, was ceremoniously burnton the fire, libated with wine by each participant, and poked to send up glittering sparks to delight the children.
142)"For Christmas over a hundred years ago, Pennsylvania German children in Lancaster Countyhelped cut out and decorate foot-high cookies to stand in the front of windows of their stone orbrick houses.
142)About gingerbread in America
"...most early American cookies were referred to as "cakes," and gingerbread was assumed to be a form of cookie, as in Lebkuchen,a gingerbread cookie made with honey...Of all the Christmas pastries, the gingerbread cookie was one the one most loved byearly American children.
[NOTE: is the only one we find using chemical leaveners instead of traditional yeast.]"Bakers made many...ritual Christmas breads, pane di Natale, by enriching the bread of everyday with lard, oil, or butter, addingeggs, and kneading in nuts, raisins, dried fruits, and clean sweet-tasting candied fruits.