That it deserves thisname is clear from the fact that even the purest objectiveunity, namely, that of the concepts (space and time),is only possible through relation of the intuitions to suchunity of consciousness.
And as the former con-stitutes the transcendental ground of the possibility of allmodes of knowledge whatsoever -- of those that are pure no less than of those that are empirical -- the repro-ductive synthesis of the imagination is to be counted amongthe transcendental acts of the mind.
P 163$23 The above proposition is of the greatest importance; for itdetermines the limits of the employment of the pure conceptsof understanding in regard to objects, just as the Transcen-dental Aesthetic determined the limits of the employment ofthe pure form of our sensible intuition.
Space and time, as con-ditions under which alone objects can possibly be given to us,are valid no further than for objects of the senses, and there-fore only for experience.
Sensible intuition is either pure intuition (spaceand time) or empirical intuition of that which is immediatelyrepresented, through sensation, as actual in space and time.
Hold up: Kant still isn't done. He went on to produce yet another doorstop of a book—The Critique of the Power of Judgment—on the nature of aesthetic judgments. Curious about the nature of beauty and taste? Kant's your man. You probably won't be surprised to learn that he thinks beauty and taste also reflect the structure of our minds.
Kant on Kant
1. Science and Knowledge. The Combination Thesis
2. The Synthetic Knowledge of Transcendental Philosophy
3. Metaphysics, Critical and Transcendental Philosophy
4. Kant’s Retrospective Judgments on the . The Interrelation of Faculties Recast
5. The A and B Prefaces to the First . A Destitute Queen and the So-Called “Copernican Revolution”
6. The New Conception of Reason and the Power of Judgment
Kant's philosophical system is huge and sprawling and intricate. And while that system has driven many scholars mad with its complexity, it has also changed the Western world forever. So keep on reading, intrepid Shmoopers, because let's face it: you're never going to be able to escape good old Immanuel K.
A Priori Synthesis
1. A Productive Reason
2. Form, Synthesis, and Intuition. On Blindness
3a. A Priori Synthesis. The Speculative Synthesis
3b. A Priori Synthesis. The Practical Synthesis
4. Mathematics and Metaphysics
5. Mathematical, Empirical, and Pure Concepts
6. The A Priori
7a. The Relative Independence of Intuition. Judgments of Perception and Judgments of Experience
7b. The Relative Independence of Intuition. Pure Intuition
7c. The Relative Independence of Intuition. We Are All Savages
In sum, what separates material error from true cognition for Kant isthat true cognitions must find a definite place within a single,unified experience of the world. Since reason is an important sourceof the unifying structure of experience, it proves essential as anarbiter of empirical truth.
1. Of Kings, Carters, and Palimpsests
2. “Every division presupposes a concept that is to be divided” (KrV A 290/B 346). On Kant’s Dichotomies
3. Reason’s Finitude. Concepts and Ideas
4. Reason and Its Awakening
5. An Overview of the Book
Apart from ideas about objects that lie beyond sensory experience,such as God or the soul, we also form transcendental ideas aboutentities that are meant to form the ultimate basis of everything thatexists, such as the universe as a whole: Kant speaks of “worldwholes” or cosmological ideas. As discussed in a moment(§1.3), claims to objective knowledge about these cosmologicalideas, such as the claim that the universe has a beginning in time orthe opposing claim that it does not, lead us into contradictions or“antinomies.”
Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher from Königsberg (today Kaliningrad of Russia), who researched, lectured, and wrote on philosophy and anthropology during the Enlightenment at the end of the 18th century.