Claims of cause and effect: These claims argue that one person, thing, or event caused another thing or event to occur. Example:
Claims of fact or definition: These claims argue about what the definition of something is or whether something is a settled fact. Example:
► Making uniforms mandatory in public schools will ensure that financial differences among the students will not be known.
Such a thesis statement presents an opinion that may be challenged by another person who has different point of view about this matter.
For instance, if you are writing about capital punishment, your thesis statement should not be something like the following.
► Capital punishment is not the appropriate way of punishing a person for a crime he has committed.
This is an example of a weak thesis statement because it is too generic as well as vague.
Remember to follow the specific order of explanation in the body of your essay as mentioned in your thesis statement.
► Recycling helps in saving natural resources, conserving energy, and decreasing pollution.
Which type of claim is right for your argument? Which type of thesis or claim you use for your argument will depend on your position and knowledge of the topic, your audience, and the context of your paper. You might want to think about where you imagine your audience to be on this topic and pinpoint where you think the biggest difference in viewpoints might be. Even if you start with one type of claim you probably will be using several within the paper. Regardless of the type of claim you choose to utilize it is key to identify the controversy or debate you are addressing and to define your position early on in the paper.
Claims typically fall into one of four categories. Thinking about how you want to approach your topic, in other words what type of claim you want to make, is one way to focus your thesis on one particular aspect of your broader topic.
A thesis statement should show exactly what your paper will be about, and will help you keep your paper to a manageable topic. For example, if you write a paper on hunger, you might say:
Claims about value: These are claims made of what something is worth, whether we value it or not, how we would rate or categorize something. Example:
However, there are certain guidelines that have to be followed while writing thesis statements, as a reader can comprehend the student's understanding about the subject, just by looking at the thesis statement.
This is a weak thesis statement because the reader can't decide whether the paper is about marketing on the Internet or web pages. To revise the thesis, the relationship between the two ideas needs to become clearer. One way to revise the thesis would be to write:
This thesis narrows the scope of the argument by specifying not just the amount of money used but also how the money could actually help to control pollution.
Readers need to be able to see that your paper has one main point. If your thesis expresses more than one idea, then you might confuse your readers about the subject of your paper. For example:
This is a strong thesis because it shows how your experience contradicts a widely accepted view. A good strategy for creating a strong thesis is to show that the topic is controversial. Readers will be interested in reading the rest of the essay to see how you support your point.
This section explains the prewriting (invention) stage of the composing process. It includes processes, strategies, and questions to help you begin to write.
In this example the topic of drugs has been narrowed down to illegal drugs and the detriment has been narrowed down to gang violence. This is a much more manageable topic.