The mission of the NIH is to support science in pursuit of knowledge about the biology and behavior of living systems and to apply that knowledge to extend healthy life and reduce the burdens of illness and disability. As part of this mission, applications submitted to the NIH for grants or cooperative agreements to support biomedical and behavioral research are evaluated for scientific and technical merit through the NIH peer review system. The review criteria for New Innovator Award applications will emphasize the importance and potential impact of the scientific problems in biomedical and behavioral research, the novelty and innovativeness of the approach, and evidence of the applicant’s potential for creative and innovative research as a “new investigator. The following core review criteria also will be used in assessing the merit of applications: Does the project address an important problem or a critical barrier to progress in the field? If the aims of the project are achieved, how will scientific knowledge, technical capability, and/or clinical practice be improved? How will successful completion of the aims change the concepts, methods, technologies, treatments, services, or preventative interventions that drive this field? Is the PD/PI well suited to the project? If an Early Stage Investigator or New Investigator, does s/he have appropriate experience and training? If established, has s/he demonstrated an ongoing record of accomplishments that have advanced their field(s)?
- Link to comparative effectiveness portfolios designed to provide health care decisionmakers--including patients, clinicians, purchasers, and policymakers-with up-to-date, evidence-based information about their treatment options to make informed health care decisions.
- This document was developed to help train front-line health care employees to provide affirming services to transgender and gender non-conforming patients at their organization.
- The Center for Primary Care, Prevention, and Clinical Partnerships (CP3) expands the knowledge base for clinical providers and patients and to assure the translation of new knowledge and systems improvement into primary care practice. CP3 supports and conducts research to improve the access, effectiveness, and quality of primary and preventive health care services in the United States.
- Funding for research focused on palliative care in geriatric populations. This FOA covers studies in a variety of settings including hospitals (and specific sites within hospitals including specialty medical or surgical wards, intensive care units, and emergency departments), post-acute care settings, outpatient clinics and doctors' offices, patients' homes and other residential settings, assisted living facilities, nursing homes, hospices, and other healthcare or community settings.
Primary-care providers write most of the antidepressant prescriptions in the U.S., but these providers may have “limited” training in mental health treatment. Arun Gupta is giving primary-care providers and their patients access to mental health resources.
This is called the Notice of Privacy Practices. Every patient is required to receive the Notice on the initial visit to the hospital. The Notice provides patients with information regarding their rights under the Privacy Rule. The patient has the right to:
In February 2009, the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health ("HITECH") was enacted as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 ("ARRA"). HITECH makes significant changes to HIPAA's administrative simplification provisions pertaining to privacy and security, including notifying individuals (and in some instances, media outlets) when there has been a privacy/security breach.
Previously, covered entities (health care providers, health plans and health care clearinghouses) were obligated to mitigate harm caused by authorized disclosures of protected health information ("PHI"), but not required to give notice to the individuals whose information was inappropriately disclosed. With HITECH, covered entities and business associates will be required to notify individuals when security breaches occur with respect to "unsecured" information. Unsecured information means information not protected through technology or methods designated by the federal government. In addition, if the breach involves 500 or more individuals, notice to the U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services and the media is also required.
Under the HITECH regulations, a "breach" is the unauthorized acquisition, access, use or disclosure of PHI that compromises the security and privacy of the PHI. "Compromise the security and privacy of the PHI" means that the breach poses a significant risk of financial, reputational or other harm to the individual.
. Covered entities need to notify an individual of a breach of his/her PHI "without unreasonable delay" or no later than 60 days after the breach. A covered entity is considered to have become aware of the breach when the first workforce member or business associate first knew of the breach.
We must have a procedure to address patient complaints. Patients can contact the HIPAA Program Office to make a complaint as well as contact the Federal Government Agency in charge of enforcing the HIPAA Privacy Rule - .
for not obeying the Privacy Rule are tiered based on increasing levels of culpability:
for a person who knowingly violates HIPAA are as follows:
The HIPAA Security Rule became effective on April 20, 2005. The Security Rule standards define how we are to ensure the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of our patients' electronic protected health information (ePHI). The Security Rule requires that we have administrative, physical, and technical safeguards for protecting ePHI. Some examples of each are:
: administrativefunctionsthatshould be implemented to meet the security requirements.
: mechanisms to protect electronic systems, equipment, and the data they hold, from threats, environmental hazards and unauthorized intrusion.
HIPAA Requires Accounting of Disclosure Details
You have the right to know who has accessed your health records for the prior six years, However there are several exceptions to the accounting requirement.
As with any technology, there are a number of concerns that have been associated with the use of IAVT in Telehealth and TeleMental Health. These issues include confidentiality and privacy, monitoring access, crossing state lines, informed consent, competence and scope of practice, and record keeping. . Prior to using Skype in TeleMental Health, clinicians must analyze these considerations as they apply to Skype. More specifically to Skype, in addition to the above-mentioned concerns, clinicians must evaluate whether they can use Skype and be HIPAA Compliant, and they must attend to the concerns of dropped calls and the interruption of service.