Essays Hemingway Essays and criticism on Ernest Hemingway - Hemingway, Ernest - (Short Story following entry presents criticism of Hemingway'Hemingway Essays s short fiction works from
Essays Hemingway Essays and criticism on Ernest Hemingway, including the works The Sun Also Rises, “Now I Lay Me”, A Farewell to Arms, “A Clean, Well-Lighted Place”, “The
Hemingway intends to communicate to the reader in an honest manner, and regardless of the consequences, as can be seen from his works. He does not sugarcoat the details. His work is not intended to please anyone; rather it is intended to represent life as it is. He comes across a male chauvinist, because of the way he represents women as the cause of men’s failure and downfall. However, he also portrays some of the women as strong, loving, dedicated and loyal. Most of his works are inspired by the experiences he has had in life, whether it is during the war, in his marriage, his upbringing or his travels. Thus, although the work is fiction, it also has a sense of reality. He developed a distinct style of writing early on in his work. This style, which is commonly known as the iceberg theory, is intended to engage readers, by provoking them to read beyond the stated meaning. He does not describe all the events, but he chooses to omit the obvious details and avoid repetition. Although he uses short sentences and he writes in a simple way, he tells interesting stories.
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In his short stories Hemingway reveals "his deepest and most enduring themes-death, writing, machismo, bravery, and the alienation of men in the modern world" (Stories for Students 244).
But—what a fantastic writer he became! Scribner has now produced of Hemingway’s short stories, most from the nineteen-twenties, his best decade, complete with many of the drafts he made along the way. What is amazing is how pitch-perfect he was. Reading passages from the Nick Adams stories published originally in relatively obscure literary reviews, one is overwhelmed by how so little produces so much—how the brevity, far from being taciturn or severe, is matchlessly eloquent in its evocation of the pleasures of the senses and of the feeling of place, as in the famous description of a trout stream in Michigan from the 1925 story “Big Two-Hearted River”:
After marrying, the Hemingways decided to live abroad for a while, and, following the advice of Sherwood Anderson, they picked Paris, where Ernest could develop his literary skills better than anywhere else.
Hemingway began writing at an early age. He started experimenting with short stories and poetry while he was young. He had a different style of writing from other modern writers of his time. He worked for the Kansas City Star newspaper, and it was while he was working there, that he began to polish his writing style. When writing for the newspaper, he was expected to follow certain guidelines such as telling interesting stories, using short sentences, starting with short paragraphs, limiting and avoiding adjectives, and avoiding superfluous language (Boon and Loon 12). Hemingway used these principles in his works. His readers like his work because of his simplicity. Hemingway used the iceberg theory when writing. This is seen in the way he omits some of the obvious things when writing. He does not always introduce the subjects, and he avoids repetition. This is clear in the short story, “Hills like White Elephants”. In the story, Hemingway does not explicitly point out that the couple in the story is talking about an abortion. He instead leaves it out for the reader to decide and decipher the meaning of the story. By doing this, he engages the reader, and lets him interpret the meaning of his work.
Many of his critics are of the opinion that he was violent and chauvinistic in his writings. One of the most influential books was the short story collection, “In Our Time”. The book has more violent scenes than most of his other works. It describes different events such as the war, police shootings, bullfights, and treatment of criminals (Bloom 7). He had already written two collections of short stories before the publication of his first novels in 1926. Some of his writings also portray his hatred towards minorities such as blacks, homosexuals and women. As a writer, Hemingway understood that he had a duty to represent the society as it was. He did not have any pretence in his writings. He represented the attitude of the society towards the minorities. If the society was violent, he found a way of representing that in his work, whether it was in bullfights or in the war. He was not afraid of writing about death, and he did not write about it in a figurative way. He made the readers understand that death would eventually affect everyone, and they had to find ways of dealing with it. In a way, he opened a way for other writers of fiction to incorporate reality in their work. He showed them the importance of staying relevant in a society that would sometimes choose to evade reality. Hemingway wanted his readers to have the same emotions he had when he was writing. He had to present the details of the events in the manner he thought would elicit the emotions he wanted. Hemingway presents the details in such a detailed and elaborate manner, that the writer feels as if he is part of the story. In the book, “In Our Time”, Hemingway recalls some of the events in the war. He shows how the war disoriented some of the soldiers, to the extent that they did not seem to know what they were doing. He writes how some of the mothers chose to stay with their dead babies, and how some of the people had to break the legs of the animals and drown them because they could not take them when they were evacuated.
Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway study guide contains a biography of Ernest Hemingway, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
It was only after his marriage to Hadley Richardson, a St. Louis heiress, that he set off for Paris, arriving in late 1921 with a determination to become a great and modern writer that was touching in one who had received so little encouragement. Encouragement as a writer, that is; Hemingway’s charisma and good looks had made life easy for him, as they would go on doing for a long time after. (Of all the gifts that can grace a literary career, good looks are the most easily overlooked and not the least important: though we may read blind, we don’t befriend blind.) Dearborn is faintly disapproving of his literary careerism in Paris, registering the fact that he used his attractiveness to attract, while rather missing the point that the people he was courting, Ezra Pound and Sylvia Beach and Gertrude Stein and the rest, were avant-gardists with no influence in the realms of commercial publishing where he had to make a living. He was certainly ambitious and appealing, but the ambition for which he used his appeal was to write well in a new way.