Now that you’ve thought through the qualities of paragraphs, it’s time to address the big issue. At university, you are mainly meant to draw the knowledge items of your paragraphs from credible sources and state who those sources are (referencing).This is particularly important in your assignment essays.Academic paragraphs are the body paragraphs of your essay and account for about 90% of your word count and marks. They may also be the structure of short answer questions in other types of writing (e.g. exams).Academic paragraphs contain the points you want to make with supporting arguments and evidence. These paragraphs use a basic pattern (recipe) you can follow. The sentences in your body paragraphs may include citations from information sources, examples and anecdotal evidence.
Using assignment essays for assessment supports student learning better than the traditional examination system. It is considered that course-work assignment essays can lessen the extreme stress experienced by some students over ‘sudden-death’ end of semester examinations:
The introduction is usually ‘funnel shaped’. It begins with the broadest topic (sentence 1). Then, it narrows to the thesis statement or the part of the topic that will be specifically addressed in the essay (sentence 2). The last sentence of the paragraph usually outlines the main points that will be covered in the essay (sentence 3).
An introductory paragraph is very much tied to the question that has been set (see ), and we use special terms to describe each stage of the introduction.
The introduction to an essay is rather like a formal social introduction: How do you do! For example, if an ASO consultant comes to a lecture to do a guest presentation, it would be good practice to be introduced in a meaningful way:
What is the Function of an Introductory Paragraph?
Get the reader’s attention
Provide necessary background information
Shape the reader’s perspective
Present the thesis statement
The first sentence of the essay is the most important one as its intention is to grab the attention of the reader. The essay introduction examples serve as the essay’s “map.” It outlines to the reader the primary argument and points, which the writer develops in the essay. A lot of essay introductions begin with a short general statement that brings the reader into the topic and shows how the topic is linked to the discipline field or to bigger issues.
Introductory paragraphs are the portion of the essay that come before the thesis statement. The Thesis statement is usually the last sentence of the introductory paragraph.
The introductory paragraph should grab the reader’s attention and make him or her want to read the essay. The introductory paragraph can also provide background information that is necessary for the reader to appreciate the writer’s position. The introduction is an opportunity to shape the reader’s opinion about the writer’s main idea before the reader gets to the thesis statement. Finally, the introductory paragraph presents the writer’s thesis statement.
The introductory paragraph includes a paraphrase of something said by a famous person in order to get the reader's attention. The second sentence leads up to the thesis statement which is the third sentence. The thesis statement (sentence 3) presents topic of the paper to the reader and provides a mini- outline. The topic is Poe's use of visual imagery. The mini- outline tells the reader that this paper will present Poe's use of imagery in three places in his writing: (1) description of static setting; (2) description of dynamic setting; and (3) description of a person. The last sentence of the paragraph uses the words "manipulation" and "senses" as transitional hooks.
Each of the introductions below presents the same thesis statement: "Identity theft is a serious problem that claims millions of innocent victims, and the government must implement better regulations to help put an end to this crime." While the thesis statement is the same for all of the introductions, notice how the various introductions set different tones for the essay and establish slightly different expectations for what will follow in the body of the essay.
The introductory paragraph can also provide background information that is necessary for the reader to appreciate the writer’s position. This information can be scientific, historical, cultural, or even personal. Use this kind of introduction when you know there are things that the reader needs to know about your topic (but doesn’t’) in order to “get” your thesis statement.
In the first sentence of the second paragraph (first paragraph of the body) the words "sense" and "manipulation" are used to hook into the end of the introductory paragraph. The first part of the second sentence provides the topic for this paragraph--imagery in a static scene. Then a quotation from "The Tell-Tale Heart" is presented and briefly discussed. The last sentence of this paragraph uses the expressions "sense of feeling" and "sense of sight" as hooks for leading into the third paragraph