Freud, S. (1905). Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905). The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume VII (1901-1905): A Case of Hysteria, Three Essays on Sexuality and Other Works, 123-246
About The Book: Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality, sometimes titled Three Contributions to the Theory of Sex, is a 1905 work by Sigmund Freud which advanced his theory of sexuality, in particular its relation to childhood.
But Freud's view of sexuality, and of the libido in general, were far more complex -- and far less surreal -- than a quick summary of the Oedipal Complex would suggest.
But even as he was inventing and refining this new field of "psychoanalysis", Freud was becoming increasingly convinced of the connection between neurosis and sexual conflict -- not surprising given that a large portion of his patients probably suffering from sexually related conflicts.
It is worth noting that hysteria, in women, became a particularly common diagnosis in Victorian times, and it has been speculated that many of these women may have been suffering from extreme sexual frustration -- a theory lent credence by the fact that a goodly number of these women gained temporary relief from their symptoms by visiting the physician for clitoral "massage."Freud meanwhile, mired in the perspective of his era, was mystified and intrigued by these women and their "hard to explain" sufferings.
Nonetheless, Freud recalls being extremely sensitive to any outburst of criticism from his father, however rare, and to any other act of his fathers that impugned young Sigmund's sense of worth (for example, refusing to answer back to anti-Semitic remarks when the two were together).
Other now-famous Freudian innovations include the therapy couch, the use of talk therapy to resolve psychological problems, and his theories about the unconscious -- including the role of repression, denial, sublimation, and projection.
Although only parts of his theory of psychosexual development are still accepted by mainstream psychologists, Freud's theory of the Oedipal Complex has become a cultural icon nevertheless.
In his later years Freud focused a great deal on the role of religion in civilization, a role he viewed rather pessimistically, and he produced two notable works in this vein: and .
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