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During the nineties Verso set up an office in New York, and secured its reputation in a number of established and emerging fields. Major advances were made by Giovanni Arrighi and Immanuel Wallerstein in historical sociology, Fredric Jameson and Franco Moretti in cultural and literary theory, Robin Blackburn in the history of slavery, Robert Brenner in economic theory, Roberto Unger in social theory, Peter Gowan and Gopal Balakrishnan in international relations, Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe in political theory, and with David Harvey's rethinking of geography and capital. A new edition of the Communist Manifesto, on the 150th anniversary of its original publication, quickly became a global bestseller. Perry Anderson's essays on world politics, the trajectory of intellectuals, and the decline of Europe—in A Zone of Engagement and English Questions—became important reference points, not just for the Left.
A challenge to the veracity of multicultural icon: Many professors say they will stick by Rigoberta Menchú’s memoir. Chronicle of Higher Education 45 (19): A14–A16.
This paper and the consultation itself will discuss Central America’s regional approach for providing protection and assistance to political refugees in the 1980s and 1990s through the Cartagena Declaration and the International Conference on Central American Refugees (Spanish acronym, CIREFCA), since these efforts pursued cross-border and regional cooperation on protection issues. It also recognizes the region’s current efforts to address the protection challenges associated with mixed migration within a general environment of violence and crime, such as through the Regional Conference on Migration.
More than 100 Participants from Central American countries, Mexico, Colombia, Haiti and the Dominican Republic, representatives from the Nansen Initiative, as well as representatives from regional and international organizations, civil society, and research institutions, met in San Jose, Costa Rica from 2-4 December 2013 for the second Nansen Initiative Consultation on “Disasters and Cross-Border Displacement in Central America: Emerging Needs, New Responses.” The majority of participants recognized cross-border displacement in the context of disasters as a very important issue for the region. They welcomed the Nansen Initiative, which is a state-led, bottom-up consultative process intended to build consensus on a protection agenda addressing the needs of people displaced across international borders in the context of natural disasters, as well as the effects of climate change.
Conclusions from the consultation took the form of an outcome document, which was presented to the Government of Costa Rica by a drafting committee, comprised of delegates from each State as well as representatives from civil society and academia, on the last day of the Consultation. The outcome document contains conclusions and recommendations that require action within five technical areas (Chapter II.2). A summary of the panel discussion can be found in Chapter II.3. Participants at the workshop expressed their commitment to bringing the outcomes of the Regional Consultation to a political level in order to enhance national, regional and international efforts to address the needs and challenges associated with cross-border displacement in the context of natural hazards, as well as the effects of climate change.
They demolished houses, smashed pottery and other possessions, scattering flowers over them. Amid the ruins they built a brand new city — a sparkling ceremonial center with pyramids, plazas, temples, ornamented stairways and ball courts, presided over by a king and royal court. On the temple terrace they mounted snarling masks of the Jaguar Sun God.
As environmental degradation induced by natural disasters has become more frequent in the last decades, the impact of environmental changes on migration has created new, unprecedented challenges. Compared with other natural disasters such as earthquakes and tsunamis, climate-related events caused the most displacement in 2010, forcing 38 million people to move (IDMC, 2012). Migration is a strategy used to adjust to changing environments (Haque, 2010). Most scholars acknowledge a spectrum between voluntary and involuntary movement, given multiple factors influencing movement (Hugo, 1996). In this article, we consider that in general environmental migration refers to a primarily voluntary movement in which the decision-making process is subjected to various factors – including non-environmental ones-, while displacement is largely forced or involuntary, with environmental constraints acting as primary factors.