The deforestation of rainforest areas has improved the infrastructure of Brazil, many highways and roads have been made for the transportation of wood....
The Brazilian government has let deforestation to take place in the Amazon rainforest because it carries lots of investments into Brazil; mostly by multi-national companies (MNCs).Also deforestation of the Amazon rainforest has bought factories, power stations and work for people of Brazil.
People are continually worried about climate change and global warming but they ignore the main cause of such adverse climate, which is deforestation. It is common knowledge know that forests reduce the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by absorbing it in soil, leaves and wood, but they continually clear forests. Actually, there is more carbon stored in forests than in the atmosphere. Even with this piece of information people, continue felling trees, expecting global warming to stop miraculously. Many places are experiencing drier conditions because of lack of trees, which enhance rain. Trees take groundwater and release it to the atmosphere through their leaves. When some trees are felled, shade is removed, therefore exposing the remaining trees to heat. As a result, the trees retain most of the water for survival.
The funny thing is that people clear forests to create this space, rather than developing the arid and semi-arid areas to be able to cater for the rising population. Since forest ecosystems can sustain farming, people tend to cut trees so that they plant crops. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) secretariat explained that, subsistence farming causes 48% of deforestation, commercial farming 32%, logging 14% and fuel wood 5%. People find it easier to cut trees than to develop new areas that are not forested, to practice agriculture. Some government’s projects for example, transmigration in Indonesia, have led to increase in deforestation.
Everyone loves a cool breeze; therefore, occasionally people will take time to go to forested areas and enjoy this breeze. They will also enjoy picnics in beautiful parks adorned with many trees and cannot stop telling stories about the panorama of beauty. Many love debates on how to combat deforestation, effects of climate change especially global warming but they are not ready to stop deforestation by themselves. There has also been a lot of support for sustainable development and many scholars and governments have shown concern for the future generations. They have emphasized on the need for sustainable development in development forums and written articles on the same. The greatest challenge has been that these big fish are the same who want to own real estates in these forested lands. Therefore, as they stop other citizens from acquiring land in these areas, they get busy creating wealth for themselves.
According to Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), about 13 million hectares of world’s forests are lost annually, 6 million of this, being primary forests. United States of America is rated seventh largest annual loser of primary forests. In 2000-2005, USA lost 215,200 hectares of land and as if this is not enough, it has continued to lose more of its forests. People have cited various motives for deforestation some of which are population pressure and economy. Many have argued that due to the rise of human population, there is need for more space for these people to settle in.
The Kyoto Protocol set by the United Nations allocates countries to offset their greenhouse gas emissions by growing what they lost, that is reforestation, and/or establishing a forest in a barren land, that is afforestation.
However, since deforestation reduces natural carbon sinks, it disrupts the balance between oxygen and carbon dioxide in the air causing the amount of carbon dioxide in the air to increase.
There are many NGOs especially in the developing countries that deal with afforestation and sensitizing communities on the importance of forests, but the irony is that forested lands are still decreasing! People are seeing NGOs as a means for getting wealthy and are therefore using this channel to draw money from donors who are willing to help to combat deforestation and its effects. Since it is clear people do not have a commitment to stop deforestation, I have a proposal on how to end deforestation. I propose that we cut all the trees so that we no longer have the obligation to save the forests. There are several advantages attached to this option, some of which are: