The Exxon Valdez oil spill (in 1989) and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, or BP oil spill, (in 2010) were both devastating oil spills that shocked the nation.
In comparison to this source of oil pollution, almost every other looks paltry. Thus, big uncontrolled spill that result after large tanker or other kind of accidents altogether are only the fifth most serious source of ocean oil pollution, accounting for 5% of the oil that yearly ends in the ocean.
Total Cites: 53
Article Title: Delayed effects on growth and marine survival of pink salmon Oncorhynchus gorbuscha after exposure to crude oil during embryonic development
Authors: Heintz, RA, , Wertheimer, AC, Bradshaw, RF, Thrower, FP, Joyce, JE, Short, JW
Journal: MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES
· US Natl Marine Fisheries Serv, Auke Bay Lab, Juneau, AK, USA
· US Natl Marine Fisheries Serv, Auke Bay Lab, 11305 Glacier Hwy, Juneau, AK, USA
Total Cites: 54
Article Title: Temporal ecological assessment of oil contaminated soils before and after bioremediation
Authors: Dorn, PB, Salanitro, JP
· Equilon Enterprises, LLC, Westhollow Technol Ctr, Houston, TX, USA
· Equilon Enterprises, LLC, Westhollow Technol Ctr, POB 1380, Houston, TX, USA
On April 20, 2010, the offshore oil rig exploded, the explosion was the largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry as the oil leaked 205.8 million gallons of crude oil into Mexico Gulf Coast and BP spent 86 days to cap the well, stopping the oil flow into Mexico Gulf for the first time.
Read interviews, first-person essays, profiles, and other features about people in a wide variety of fields, along with information on journals & institutions in the topic of Oil Spills. All of the author comments below are also listed in the site-wide listings (available by month/year or alphabetically).
Total Cites: 84
Article Title: Biosurfactants and oil bioremediation
Authors: Ron, EZ, Rosenberg, E
Journal: CURRENT OPINION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY
· Tel Aviv Univ, Dept Mol Microbiol & Biotechnol, Tel Aviv, Israel
One more cause is offshore drilling that gives 15 million gallons per year. Oil drilling at its current level of operational safety invariably results in spills and discharges.
Total Cites: 82
Article Title: Heavy oil sorption using exfoliated graphite - New application of exfoliated graphite to protect heavy oil pollution
Authors: Toyoda, M, Inagaki, M
· Fukui Natl Coll Technol, Fukui, Japan
· Aichi Inst Technol, Toyota, Japan
The graph available from the NASA website vividly demonstrates that large spills account for only a small percentage of annual pollution, injecting a “meagre” 37 million gallons of oil in the world ocean in a year.
Major oil spills
Large-scale oil accidents involved a spill from oil tanker Amoco Cadiz that released about 68.7 million gallons of oil in 1978 near the coast of France.
Another major event was the explosion on the exploratory well Ixtox 1 in 1979. The leakage was only stopped in 1980, and by that time 140 million gallons of oil had already got into the world ocean, accounting for the second largest oil spill in human history (OceanLink).
The tanker called Exxon Valdez spilt 10.8 million gallons of oil into the ocean after running on Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska on March 24, 1989 (Major oil spills).
Total Cites: 76
Article Title: Bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated soil by composting in biopiles
Authors: Jorgensen, KS, Puustinen, J, Suortti, AM
Journal: ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
· Finnish Environm Inst, Res Lab, Helsinki, Finland
· Finnish Environm Inst, Res Lab, Hakuninmaantie 4-6, Helsinki, Finland
Total Cites: 74
Article Title: First report of phase selective gelation of oil from oil/water mixtures. Possible implications toward containing oil spills
Authors: Bhattacharya, S, Krishnan-ghosh, Y
Journal: CHEMICAL COMMUNICATIONS
· Indian Inst Sci, Dept Organ Chem, Bangalore, India
· JNCASR, Chem Biol Unit, Bangalore, India