Through my reading of Plato's Apology of Socrates and Crito, I have been able to see how Socrates makes important decisions and what he primarily bases his decisions on.
In his defense, Socrates claims over and again that he is innocent and is not at all wise, “…for I know that I have no wisdom, small or great.” Throughout the rest of his oration he seems to act the opposite as if he is better than every man, and later he even claims that, “At any rate, the world has decided that Socrate...
Socrates’ method of inquiry drove his listeners to question their beliefs and often brought them to a state of puzzlement, or a state Plato calls ‘aporia.’ There are many examples of the Socratic method present in The Meno, which is also written by Plato....
Topic B:In his Plato's Socrates clearly indicates he would continueto philosophize even if the court ordered him not to--clearly he does notbelieve one obey the laws of the state. In his ,however, he accepts a death sentence and refuses to escape from an unjustconviction--he chooses to obey the state's laws. It seems there isan inconsistency or contradiction here--either one has to obey the lawsor one doesn't! Which is Plato's real view? If Plato's Socratesis willing to disobey a bad law which says "Don't philosophize," why won'the disobey the state when it comes to life and death?
However, the history of democracy is not what is being discussed here; we are focusing on Platos criticism of democracy, particularly with regards to the Athenian model and his writings in the Socratic dialogues.
In the vast work that is , there is one passage in Book V that shows the ones whom Socrates thinks should be the rulers of a government: (Republic 473d-e) A philosopher, to Plato and Socrates, is the ideal ruler of a state.
An alternative way of raising the same questionwould be to address the notion of "Socratic Ignorance"--to write a paperwhich answers the question "Is it really true that Plato, Socrates, andother people are on the "same level" in terms of their knowledge?" Here you would refer to (at least) the and the and would explain what Plato's Socrates does, and does not, know. You would also clarify and explain any (apparent) contradictions betweenhis claims in these works.
HauptliTopic A:Suppose Meletus overheard the discussion in the and wentto Plato's Socrates saying "In your discussion with Crito you indicatedyou able to propose and defend substantive theses--you claimedto know whether escape would be just, that it is never right to returna wrong for a wrong, and you claimed to know what sort of life is worthliving. In making such claims you show you do not really believethat human wisdom amounts to little. That is, you duringthe trial when you professed ignorance. It seems to me your sentenceis just!" How would you respond to this charge? Is Plato's Socrates inconsistent? Can Plato's Socrates both claimto be ignorant and to know?
In his defense, Socrates claims over and again that he is innocent and is not at all wise, “…for I know that I have no wisdom, small or great.” Throughout the rest of his oration he seems to act the opposite as if he is better than every man, and later he even claims that, “At any rate, the world has decided that Socrates is in some way superior to other men.” This seems to be his greatest mistake, claiming to be greater than even the jury.
I believe that Socrates was innocent of the accusations that were made against him, but he possessed contempt for the court and displayed that in his conceitedness and these actions led to his death.
In can also be argued that Plato’s Republic is a response to Aristophanes comedy but comedy of a different kind, in that, the Republic, because it can only exist in speech, was in fact a great perversion of nature and nature need to be tortured in order for Socrates to build the ideal state.