Why did Pius, alone among European heads of state, extend recognition? On this score, there is no particular historical document to which the historian can refer, no memorandum ever retrieved from the archives of the Holy See or Confederate State Department that explains in black and white why he did. We can still arrive at a likely explanation. This will be by coming to a deeper understanding of Southern culture, of the Southern way of life. We shall be helped in this by a remarkable essay, Religion and the Old South, written nearly 70 years ago by Allen Tate, poet, essayist, Southerner, and convert to the Faith. (He also wrote a novel, The Fathers, that cannot be too highly recommended. When it was published in 1938, one critic hailed it as “the novel Gone With The Wind should have been.”)
Constitution that counted slaves and implicitly condoned their bondage. "If slavery is not wrong, nothing is wrong,"he still believed. But he cautioned that personal belief did not give him the right to act once inaugurated. After more than a year of Civil War, however, Lincoln came to the conclusion that the only way to restore the Union was to wage war not only against Confederate armies, but also against slavery itself. "We must free the slaves,"he confided, "or ourselves be subdued." Then why did he not order slaves freed immediately? Lincoln believed that the country was simply not ready for it. "Public sentiment is everything," he had declared during the Lincoln-Douglas debates four years earlier. "With public sentiment, nothing can fail; without it nothing can succeed. Consequently he who molds public sentiment goes deeper than he who enacts statutes or pronounces decisions." Until 1862, Lincoln was not ready to do the latter because he had not yet done the former. But as he had said in 1856 and doubtless recalled in 1862: "Whoever can change public opinion can change the government." This is what he ultimately did. "It is my conviction," Lincoln insisted when he heard the criticism of his sluggishness on the issue, "that had the proclamation been issued even six months earlier than it was, public sentiment would not have sustained it." He may have been right. The President worried that if he acted against slavery too soon, he would at the very least lose crucial support in the vital border slave states which he desperately needed to keep in the Union and out of the Confederacy. Virginia had already seceded, but Lincoln could not afford, for example, to lose the next Upper South slave state to the north, Maryland. If Maryland seceded, then Washington, D.C., would become a capital city trapped inside an enemy country. Missouri was sure to follow, and the federal government would almost certainly fall if others joined the bandwagon. Lincoln fretted, too, that if he acted too soon, Northern voters might turn against his Republican Party and force on Lincoln a hostile Congress unwilling to continue prosecuting the war. Then all would be lost anyway: democracy, the Union, and any promise, ever, of eradicating slavery. So Lincoln waited. Not until July 1862 did he finally conclude that he could act. He had found both a legal argument (the president’s war powers) and a political and military window of opportunity.
It wasn’t a conflict between north and south. It was Union v rebels. Many, many southrons were against the war. Quite a few areas in the south tried to secede from the secession. 25% of the Union military was made up of southrons. Every southern state, save for SC, had a Union regiment. The CSA was brutal to loyal citizen (and there were many of them). Without question, if the CSA was muslim and the Union was Christian, you would side with the Union. But because it was White Christians and jews holding black Christians (and sometimes White Christians) as slaves, somehow “states’ rights” becomes more important
I suggest you read the secession statements and the Constitution of the CSA. Then you can read quotes from the leaders themselves(Stephen’s cornerstone speech is a good place to start). The Imperial south(the north wanted to secede earlier because they were tired of southern war and land grabs) wanted to expand so they could spread slavery. In his memoirs Grant called the Mexican American War one of the most unjust ever waged by a large country against a smaller. Why did the south want that land? For slavery. The south also wanted to force other states in their wicked union(they had two extra stars on their flag for the states they wanted). Where were they going to stop? They were aggressive and obsessed with slavery. Lincoln was a lot more merciful than I would have been. They brought misery on everyone(especially the southern sections that tried to secede from the secession google state Nickajack). The first draft in this country was instituted by the south, Davis had the crops of families impressed to feed the army. He was a tyrant and southerners even said as much
Speculating on alternative history is always problematic, but I believe that it's useful in this case for the purposes of showing just how bad of an idea secession really was for the South in 1860. Below are four scenarios that might have occurred had South Carolina (and by extension the rest of the eventual Confederacy) held tight after Lincoln's election and not withdrawn from the Union.
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Within three months of Lincoln's election, seven states had seceded from the Union. Just as Springfield, Illinois celebrated the election of its favorite son to the Presidency on November 7, so did Charleston, South Carolina, which did not cast a single vote for him. It knew that the election meant the formation of a new nation. The said, "The tea has been thrown overboard, the revolution of 1860 has been initiated."