These letters from Mina Miller Edison to her youngest son, Theodore, include nine items containing remarks about accommodations, living conditions, and experimental activities aboard the USS Sachem, where Mina and Thomas spent six weeks during the summer of 1917. There is also a reference to an injury to Mina's knee that she sustained while boarding the ship. Also included are nine letters written from Washington, D.C., where Edison spent four months (October 1917-January 1918) working in an office at the Navy Annex. The letters reflect Mina's growing frustration about the duration of the war and about the perceived incompetence of the U.S. government and the Allies, as well as her feeling of being torn between her "duty to be here with Papa" and her desire to return home and be with her sons. The letters contain numerous expressions of hostility toward the Germans and other foreigners, including Mina's German-born neighbor in Llewellyn Park, George Merck, and his Belgian-born wife, Friedrike.
These letters consist primarily of correspondence exchanged among Madeleine Edison, her mother Mina Miller Edison, and her husband John Eyre Sloane. Included are comments about Liberty Loan campaigns, Red Cross drives, food conservation calls, civilian relief efforts, and the convalescent hospital for soldiers that Mrs. Annie Jenkins set up in her Llewellyn Park home. There are remarks about wartime women's organizations such as the "motor girls" of the Red Cross Motor Service and the "farmerettes" of the Woman's Land Army of America. Other war-related topics include Thomas Edison's discomfort around the many officers who were guests at Glenmont during the war; the attitude of Edison and his daughter toward opponents of the war; Madeleine's efforts to explain the concept of war to her two-year-old son, Teddy, and to convince her husband that there were valid reasons why Charles and Theodore had not enlisted; the enlistment of Madeleine's half-brother, William L. Edison, in the U.S. Tank Corp. and his deployment to France; the impact of wartime labor shortages on the service staff at Glenmont; labor unrest at the Edison factories; and anticipated coal shortages during the winter of 1918-1919.
All costs associated with the international credit evaluation are the responsibility of the student. The University reserves the right to make its own determination on the amount and type of credit to be awarded based on the evaluations provide by these agencies. An enrolled student may transfer a maximum of 90 credits from international institutions. Thomas Edison State University does not participate in the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS). Therefore the University does not sponsor foreign national students for F-1 or J-1 visa status. Course-by-course credit recommendations will be reviewed by Thomas Edison State University based upon existing transfer and degree policies in place at the time of application.
Thomas Edison was person who revolutionized the world with his amazing invention of the incandescent light bulb, and he also had other revolutionary inventions.
By the twentieth century, Edison had built in NewJersey a small industrial empire that culminated in 1911 in the organizationof Thomas A. Edison, Inc. As a result of the increasing number, scale,and bureaucratization of his businesses, the amount of documentation forEdison's twentieth-century activities is much greater than that for thenineteenth century, and the character of the material is more heavily orientedtoward business records. The laboratory continued to play an importantrole in Edison's career, but it became merely one part of a large businessorganization. Much of its work was directly related to improvements forthe various manufacturing companies. Because of the increasing size andorganizational complexity of the Edison companies, many new types of businessrecords were generated. Included among these were (1) interoffice communicationsand memoranda; (2) legal files maintained by key Edison associates suchas Harry F. Miller and Richard W. Kellow and by the company's legal department;(3) advertising materials for the phonograph, storage battery, and otherEdison products; (4) folios for patents assigned to the various Edisoncompanies; (5) manufacturing records such as inspection reports, blueprints,and test runs; and (6) labor records for a vastly expanded work force.
These letters are primarily from Marion Estelle Edison (1873-1965) to her father, Thomas A. Edison, and her stepmother, Mina Miller Edison. In 1895 Marion married a German army officer named Karl Oscar Oeser, and she lived in Germany from the time of her marriage until 1925. The fifty-eight letters from 1914-1925 contain extensive discussion of social, political, and economic conditions in Germany during World War I and the years immediately following. Among the topics mentioned in the correspondence are the enormous casualties of the war, Marion's fear for her own life and Oscar's, the impact of the war on her physical and mental health, the role of German women during the war, and Marion's flight to Switzerland after the U.S. declaration of war. The letters written after the Armistice discuss the rampant inflation and widespread suffering of the postwar years, the deterioration in Marion's own standard of living, and the French occupation of the Ruhr in 1923. There are also letters relating to Marion’s discovery of Oscar's affair with Clara Berger, their acrimonious and drawn-out divorce, Marion's growing contempt for the Germans, and her decision to return to the United States. In addition to the correspondence, there are numerous photographs and news clippings dating from the war. Related correspondence can be found in .
Most of the documents in the Charles Edison Fund Collection were scanned from an 11-reel microfilm set owned by CEF. Many of the original documents were subsequently donated to the Thomas Edison National Historical Park. See Microfilm Edition – Part V Family Records Series, below.
This official history of the Naval Consulting Board was published in 1920. The complete book is available online through Google Books. Several sections have been published in the Edison Papers digital edition, including Chapter 11, which discusses Edison's wartime research projects, and an Appendix entitled "Naval Laboratory" containing the majority report recommending Annapolis, Maryland, as the site of the proposed laboratory and the minority report signed by Edison recommending Sandy Hook, New Jersey. Included in the editorial introduction ("target") to Scott's book is a list of the thirty-nine research projects discussed in Chapter 11, with links to the original documents in the Charles Hummel Collection (see above) relating to those projects.
The following is an annotated list of collections in the Thomas Edison Papers image edition that contain documents relating to World War I. The links for each collection lead to editorial introductions ("targets") that provide a fuller description of the collection. A list of documents associated with each collection can be obtained by clicking the "List Documents" button at the bottom of the target. For documents in the digital edition, images can be obtained by clicking the "Show Documents" button after the "List Documents" button is clicked. Microfilm is available at
The following is an annotated list of collections in the Thomas Edison Papers image edition that contain documents relating to World War I. The links for each collection lead to editorial introductions ("targets") that provide a fuller description of the collection. A list of documents associated with each collection can be obtained by clicking the "List Documents" button at the bottom of the target. For documents in the digital edition, images can be obtained by clicking the "Show Documents" button after the "List Documents" button is clicked. Microfilm is available at This collection, which covers the years 1917-1919, consists primarily of letters exchanged between Edison and Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels regarding the inventor's research for the Department of the Navy and Department of War. Many of the typewritten letters are accompanied by drafts in Edison's hand. The research projects are numbered from 1 through 57. There is also a containing Thomas Edison's own recollections of his wartime activities, written in 1919, along with an address delivered by Gov. Charles Edison at the Edison Pioneers Luncheon on February 11, 1942, in which he discusses his father's chemical plants and military research.
These letters are primarily from Theodore Miller Edison (1898-1992) to his mother, Mina Miller Edison. Included are forty-three letters from February-May 1918, which pertain to wartime research conducted by Theodore and others at Man Key, an island in the Florida Keys near the U.S. Naval Station in Key West where Thomas Edison and his assistants were conducting their own experiments for the Navy.
Charles's eighteen-year-old brother, Theodore, was eager to join the army when the United States entered the war. Remembering the fate of her brother Theodore, who was killed in the Spanish-American War, Mina Edison dissuaded her son from enlisting, and he spent the war on his father's research staff conducting military experiments in West Orange and on an island in the Florida Keys. Six weeks before the outbreak of war in Europe, Madeleine Edison, the oldest child of Thomas and Mina, married John Eyre Sloane of South Orange. Sloane spent most of the war in Washington, D.C., as an officer in the U.S. Signal Corps. Madeleine joined her husband in the nation's capital in October 1917 but returned to West Orange the following April to give birth to her second son. Thomas Edison, still conducting experiments at Key West, was not present to celebrate the birth of his second grandchild, John Edison (Jack) Sloane, on April 21, 1918.