According to , between April 2015 and April 2016, bloodstream infections accounted for around 10% of all healthcare associated infections, with 4% being caused by MRSA.
If you are currently trying to handle infections in your own ward or hospital then you are not alone. MRSA and other ‘superbugs’ pose a constant challenge to healthcare staff in UK hospitals and in some cases the problem is growing.
As MRSA can cause life-threatening infections, such as blood poisoning or endocarditis, if it gets into a break in the skin, preventing its spread in hospitals is clearly essential.
In fact, MRSA Action UK puts hospital MSSA bloodstream infections at their highest levels for 5 years, with 2,910 cases reported in 2015/16. The picture looks worse in primary care, with an 18% increase in 5 years to 10,582.
- Etiology of MRSA research papers discuss the studies on Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus, a bacterium that causes infections in the body.
Measures that aim to prevent MRSA infection apply well to CA-MRSA infection. For prevention of the latter infection, it is important to keep the home clean and free of dust. Frequently-touched surfaces (e.g. toilet seat, bathroom), children's toys and bed linens should be washed, cleaned and disinfected (with diluted household bleach) regularly.
The main mode of transmission of MRSA infections is through direct contact with wounds, discharge and soiled areas. Other risk factors include close contact, breaks in the skin due to wounds or indwelling catheters, poor personal hygiene and living in crowded conditions.
MRSA usually causes skin and soft tissue infections such as pimples, boils, abscesses or wound infections. The infected area may be red, swollen and painful or it may produce pus. Sometimes, more serious sequelae such as bloodstream infections, lung infections or necrotising fasciitis may occur.
Sometimes, infections due to MRSA may occur in community-dwelling individuals who have not been hospitalised, stayed in residential care homes, or received medical procedures within a year prior to symptom onset. These are known as community-associated MRSA (CA-MRSA) infections.
- MRSA Staph Infection research papers examine the bacterium responsible for a number of different difficult to treat staph infections in human beings.
Most MRSA infections occur in people who have been hospitalised, live in residential care homes or have received treatment in health care settings such as dialysis centres.
Most S. aureus infections can be treated by antibiotics effectively. However, methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) is a strain of S. aureus that is resistant to antibiotics including methicillin and other commonly used antibiotics such as oxacillin, penicillin, amoxicillin and cephalosporins. Improper use of antibiotics is widely recognised as a contributing factor to antibiotic resistance.
MRSA is an infection caused by a strain of staphylococcus bacteria that have become resistant to the antibiotics such as the penicillins and cephalosporins which are ordinarily used to treat staph infections.
Urban jails are a reservoir for community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) bacteria. Outbreaks of CA-MRSA skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) have occurred in prisons and jails that house an increasing number of detainees each year in Texas and the United States overall. Many detainees are held for brief periods, being released into the community in the manner of a revolving door. Molecular evidence has linked MRSA isolates from correctional facilities to local CA-MRSA strains. Examining the MRSA epidemic in a large urban jail is a crucial step toward the containment of MRSA in the community at large.
- Major symptoms of acute lung disease include rapid breathing or hyperventilation, breathing difficulties, excessive deep and rapid breathing, and reduced levels of oxygen in blood circulation.