Health studies have shown a 2 times greater incidence of heart disease and premature death among former internees, compared to noninterned Japanese Americans.
At its peak, Poston housed nearly eighteen thousand Japanese-Americans, who were rounded up on the West Coast and held in its dusty barracks for months or years. Ultimately, more than a hundred thousand Americans of Japanese ancestry were required to live in ten inland assembly centers—from Manzanar, California, to Rohwer and Jerome, in southern Arkansas. Armed guards were trained to shoot defectors. (Meanwhile, Americans of Italian and German descent were treated on a case-by-case basis, through the , which affected Italian-Americans and three hundred thousand German-Americans.) But Noguchi, who was thirty-seven years old, an American citizen, and a resident of New York, went to the camps of his own volition. And once he was there he quickly realized that the authorities were not going to let him leave.
The Second Annual Japanese Heritage Night at Citifield, home of the New York Mets, was held June 21 to benefit Japan Relief Efforts. During the pre game ceremonies, Soh Daiko and Momo Suzukiﾕs dance troupe performed on the field, The Mets presented their Spirit Award to the people of the disaster stricken area. This was accepted by Ambassador Shigeyuki Hiroki and representatives of Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima prefectures. A special video tribute to Wally Yonamine, who passed away recently, was screened during the game. Wally was the first Japanese American to play in the Japanese professional baseball leagues and is the only Japanese American to be enshrined in the Japanese Baseball Hall of Fame. Wally was also the first JA to play professional football in the US, having been with the San Francisco 49ers. Ryan Yamamoto, Wallyﾕs grandson, acknowledged the tribute on behalf of the Yonamine family.
To avoid a war, which had began to loom in the waters of the Pacific, off the coast of the Hawaiian Islands, a territory of the United States, Great Britain, the United States and other countries of the world called for all trade to the Japanese Islands be halted and assets to be frozen, which ultimately caused a near collapse of the Japanese economy....
March 28 - JAA had a warm welcome reception for ten high school students visiting the New York area from Tohoku Most of the students had lost family members and friends from the 3/11 disaster and made presentations and talked about their experiences. They were invited by the Northeast Council of Teachers of Japan /NECT (president, Mr. Kazuo Tsuda) for exchange program to meet American students and people in the U.S. Those attending the reception were quite moved (and impressed with the studentsN" English speaking ability).
America fought World War II to preserve freedom and democracy, yet that same war featured the greatest suppression of civil liberties in the nation’s history. In an atmosphere of hysteria, President Roosevelt, encouraged by officials at all levels of the federal government, authorized the internment of tens of thousands of American citizens of Japanese ancestry and resident aliens from Japan. On March 18, 1942, Roosevelt authorized the establishment of the War Relocation Authority (WRA) to govern these detention camps. He chose as its first head Milton Eisenhower, a New Deal bureaucrat in the Department of Agriculture and brother of General Dwight D. Eisenhower. In a 1942 film entitled , produced by the Office of War Information, Eisenhower offered the U.S. government’s rationale for the relocation of Japanese-American citizens. He claimed that the Japanese “cheerfully” participated in the relocation process, a statement belied by all contemporary and subsequent accounts of the 1942 events.
In 1941, the Japanese-American sculptor Isamu Noguchi was living in Los Angeles, angling for portrait commissions from Hollywood patrons. On December 7th, he was driving down the coast, on an errand to pick up art supplies, when he learned, from a news report on the radio, of the attack on Pearl Harbor. “With a flash I realized I was no longer the sculptor alone,” he recalled years later, in his autobiography. “I was not just American but Nisei. A Japanese-American.”
However, it was later documented that "our government had in its possession proof that not one Japanese American, citizen or not, had engaged in espionage, not one had committed any act of sabotage." (Michi Weglyn, 1976).
Popularly known as the Japanese American Redress Bill, this act acknowledged that "a grave injustice was done" and mandated Congress to pay each victim of internment $20,000 in reparations.
This hatred toward the group was due to newspapers creating a scare for the American people, as well as the government restricting the rights of Japanese-Americans.
Part One (3 body paragraphs): Explain in full three (3) separate historical ironies of the internment of Japanese-Americans. This involves using historical insight to compare ideas and events to the larger context of what we know as historians. It may explore discrepancies between motive and/or outcome or unintended consequences of internment.
Part Two (1 body paragraph): There have been a number of involuntary geospatial mandates in this country’s history. To what extent was Executive Order 9066 part of this larger trend in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries?
As instructed in class, this essay should feature a clear thesis statement, clear organization, topic sentences, and specific evidence to support all claims. There is no need to provide background information on World War II or the bombing at Pearl Harbor in this essay – all components should be narrowly focused on the above question. The concluding paragraph, however, may include a consideration of Japanese-American internment within the larger historical legacy of U.S. involvement in World War II. Please reference the Essay Guidelines Worksheet for information on format and mechanics.
Noguchi went to San Francisco and, with Larry Tajiri, an editor at the Pacific Citizen, he established the Nisei Writers and Artists Mobilization for Democracy. A few weeks later, he travelled to Washington, D.C., to lobby for civil rights for Japanese-Americans. There he met John Collier, the commissioner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, who convinced Noguchi to establish himself as a kind of creative visionary in a new internment camp that was being set up on behalf of the B.I.A., in Arizona. Three months later, Noguchi drove into the desert, and parked at Poston War Relocation Center, which was still under construction. His hope was to start an arts-and-crafts program, which could be replicated in the other camps. Such a program, he thought, would not only provide training opportunities for internees but make life more bearable in the desert. He also had a plan for a park and recreation area, and an adobe columbarium, chapel, and crematorium inspired by the work of his friend Buckminster Fuller.