There's a saying in soccer: Let the ball do the work. Roughly translated, it means go with the momentum. Sports are integral to The Way Home's philosophy, which tries to help its kids live healthier lives. The courtyard at the shelter is a makeshift soccer field, a doorway serving as the goal. Nataliya Kitsenko, who heads the HIV/AIDS and drugs issues for The Way Home, says HIV prevention for these kids requires "elemental things like food and shelter." As she explains, when you provide meals and a roof, the momentum starts moving in the right direction—and the ball can start to do some of the work.
Critics of the Russian Federation's response to HIV/AIDS decry that country's banning of methadone, shaky epidemiology, and general lack of concern for the most affected populations. But when it comes to treatment, Russia provides anti-HIV drugs and excellent monitoring. The lab at the Moscow AIDS Centre has state-of-the-art equipment, including a fluorescence-activated cell sorter, which conducts sophisticated analyses of different immune cells.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, also known as AIDS. HIV kills or damages the cells of the body’s immune system, destroying CD4 positive (CD4+) T cells, a type of white blood cell vital to fighting off infection. Because HIV compromises the immune systems, HIV-positive people are vulnerable to other infections, diseases, and complications. A blood test is used to confirm the presence of HIV in the body.
AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection. A person infected with HIV is diagnosed with AIDS when he or she has one or more opportunistic infections, such as pneumonia or tuberculosis, and has a dangerously low number of CD4+ T cells (less than 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood).
This 37-year-old man, who asked not to show his face, receives anti-HIV drugs through the Moscow AIDS Centre. He says when he was an injecting drug user (IDU), he knew that sharing needles was dangerous, but it didn't matter to him. "The information flew into my right ear and out of my left," he says. "My main purpose was to find a dose and to use it." He wishes his government did more to prevent the spread of HIV among IDUs, like providing free, clean needles at the city AIDS center. And he finds the stigma toward IDUs especially hypocritical in this vodka-soaked nation.
In addition to emphasizing the rights of HIV-positive individuals, other prevention measures sponsored by the Ministry of Health and NAP, such as large-scale mass media prevention campaigns, also emphasize the rights of other historically marginalized groups including gays and sex workers. These campaigns, which utilize television commercials, radio clips, and a variety of publically displayed print materials, often show gay men in romantic relationships implying toleration and acceptance of various sexualities. Similarly, sex workers, another group identified as a population vulnerable to HIV infection, receive similar treatment regarding their sexual practice and right to work. In 2002, the Ministry of Health released a series of ads, pamphlets, and radio announcements targeting sex workers that proclaimed, ?Sem vergonha, garota. Você tem profissão,? (?Don?t be ashamed, girl. You have a profession?), in order to incentivize the use of condoms among prostitutes. The NAP even turned down close to $50 million dollars from the Bush administration in 2005 by claiming that the guidelines were too conservative and would hinder the treatment of infected sex workers and their clients. Pedro Chequer, director of the NAP, said, ?That clause shows disrespect for sex workers. We advocate the legalization of the profession, with the right to collect INSS [social security] and a pension.? Accordingly, displays of homosexuality and discussions of sex work in prevention media serve as additional instances in which an acceptance or promotion of certain freedoms are linked to AIDS policy.
HIV/ AIDS in Africa essay topics, buy custom HIV/ AIDS in Buy HIV/ AIDS in Africa essay paper online There is also a crisis in the socioeconomic and gender disparities; making women at high risk of infections and therefore cannot be able to provide for their familiesHiv Aids and Women Essay - 644 WordsEssays > Hiv/Aids and Women AIDS and HIV Introduction Being one of the most fatal viruses in the nation, AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is now a serious public health concern in most major U S cities and in countries worldwideGlobalization And The Spread Of Hiv Aids Economics EssayPublished: 23rd March, 2015 Last Edited: 23rd March, 2015 This essay has been submitted by a student This is not an example of the work written by ourWomen are particularly vulnerable to the negative economic effects of globalization and are often at greater risk of contracting HIV/AIDS
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Prostitution and tourists traveling to the Caribbean for sex partners increases the risk for HIV transmission. The increased risk and rate of HIV transmission is due to lack of condom use, and at risk behaviors for those being paid for relations. Unfortunately HIV for sex workers is very high, especially in Guyana (30.6%), Jamaica (9%), and the Dominican Republic (5-12%).
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The cost of HIV treatment is expensive for individuals infected with the disease. The economy of the Caribbean can be affected by individuals in the workforce, or looking for jobs, while infected with HIV/AIDS. Due to disease progression and lack of proper treatment, there are less workers due to death from HIV/AIDS or severe illnesses resulting from the disease. The industries affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic include farming, tourism, industry, and others. Individuals in poverty are at a greater risk for AIDS/HIV for many reasons. These reasons include no information about what causes HIV/AIDS. An individual, unaware of the risks, will be less likely to get work if suffering from HIV/AIDS. This will lead to increasing health problems because of lack of funding for medication or other treatment the individual needs to survive. Unfortunately, there is a vicious cycle where lack of education leads to poverty which causes health problems or risky behaviors and finally results in diseases like HIV. Once an impoverished poor individual has HIV, the economic impact is greater because of the social stigma surrounding the disease. The fear or prejudice against people with HIV/AIDS can lead to a lack of jobs, and eventually an overall economic decrease for Caribbean countries.