Vietnam was conceptualized within this geopolitical framework. President Truman did not want to “lose Vietnam.” In February 1950, five months before the Korean War broke out, the Truman administration substantially increased U.S. aid to the French in Vietnam. Over the next four years, U.S. aid rose from $150 million annually to over $1 billion. By 1954, U.S. aid constituted 80 percent of France’s war expenditures and the U.S. had more than 300 advisers in Vietnam.
It is essentially the idea that when a foreign economy is struggling, developing nations can aid the growth of said economy by providing them with some sort of capital.
Following raids in Dai Lai village in the rural Thai Binh province (southeast of Hanoi) in October 1967, French journalist Gerard Chaliand witnessed men and women weeping as they swept debris from the floors of destroyed homes and recounted how their neighbors had been burned alive by the fires. Bui Van Nguu, age forty-six, told Chaliand that he had been outdoors making brooms for the cooperative when a bomb exploded in his kitchen, burying his three children. The only thing left of them was mangled limbs, shreds of flesh, and the ear of his eldest daughter which was found in a garden seven yards away. Rescue teams in the village dug out many other children who had been buried alive, burned to shreds, or asphyxiated in the bombing massacre that was one of many in the war. A woman who had lost her parents and six siblings in the bombing of Phy Le told visiting peace activist David Dellinger to “ask your president Johnson if our straw huts were made of steel and concrete” (as LBJ claimed) and to ask him if “our Catholic church that was destroyed was a military target….Tell him that we will continue our life and struggle no matter what future bombings there will be because we know that without independence and freedom, nothing is worthwhile.”
The NLF and NVA studied American weapons systems and attempted to evade or counter them by developing effective warning systems, spy networks, camouflage techniques, clever battlefield tactics, knowledge of the jungle terrain, and support from the local population. Although southern fighters were aided by the north, they had to rely on their own ingenuity to neutralize the advantages of American weapons. Expert at navigating the waterways and moving supplies by boat, they built a network of underground tunnels where they could live for days and even perform medical surgeries. A cook by the name of Hoang Tram became a national hero for developing a stove that could cook meals without giving off tell-tale smoke.
The intimidating effects of the Phoenix interrogation program were compounded by the mass arrest of political prisoners, of which there were at least 100,000 at the peak of the fighting. Under the army’s small wars doctrine, effective prison management was seen as crucial to counter-insurgency as it provided a symbol of government authority and means of winning political converts through reeducation. The State Department consequently spent $6.5 million between 1967 and 1972 for the maintenance and renovation of the forty-two major prisons run by the government of South Vietnam, and built three additional facilities and a juvenile reformatory. The U.S. provided generators and handcuffs, built special isolation cells for hard-core “Vietcong,” and oversaw the construction of over thirty state-of-the-art detention centers (Provincial Interrogation Centers). Many of the supplies, however, were resold on the black-market by local authorities, usually cronies of Vietnamese Generals Ky or Thieu, or kept until wardens paid a bribe.
Title Length Color Rating Foreign Aid and the Destruction of America Essay - Before extending aid to other countries, we should focus on our more prevalent domestic problems.
But good aid is that which is targeted to create capacities in people so that they are able to live on their own activities."― Paul KagameThe term 'foreign aid' usually refers to the financial assistance provided on an intergovernmental or international level.
It generally involves the transfer of resources like capital, as well as goods and services from the donor to the recipient country.
In general, aid is given by a donor country, or an international organization like IMF or World Bank for three main purposes - humanitarian, political, and developmental.
The effect of international aid is dwarfed by the negative effects of unfair trade rules imposed on poor countries. Check out the next fact for more info.
One of the primary aims of foreign aid aims to eradicate extreme hunger, poverty, and disease from the world and this money made available to help various states speed up their economic and humanitarian needs....
This exhibits the ineffectiveness of foreign aid because it caused the recipient countries to consume some amount of goods and services from donor countries with overcharged prices....
After 60 years of giving out thousands of billions of dollars to emergent countries, foreign aid must be stopped and be spent on helping America become more prosperous than before....
In the case of 'tied' foreign aid, the recipient country is often required to purchase goods and expertise that originate in the donor country, or the countries suggested by the donor.
For example, during the era of the Cold War, both the United States and the former Soviet Union provided aid mainly to influence the internal politics of the recipient countries, and also for strengthening their weak allies.
Foreign aid is generally provided in the context of fostering social and economic development of the developing and the less developed countries.
It’s even been said that these governments may have damaged themselves economically to attract foreign aid from the United States, or other First World countries.