The other part in The Stranger that helped me to understand
existentialism better was at the end of the novel when Meursault is
sentenced to death. I don't think Meursault was an existentialist but I do
think that he faced death the way an existentialist would have.
A French writer from Algeria, Albert Camus was famous for his deep, yet concise, literary pieces. In addition to his novels, essays and plays, Camus was a journalist, and during World War II, a member of the French resistance against German occupation. His philosophy, which is described in his essay, , centers around the of the human condition. Camus was labeled as an but rejected the title.
Meursault does not feel grief for his mothers death as he believes that doing so is pointless since he, as well as Camus himself, is an atheist and an existentialist.
Meursault is placed in an indifferent world, a world that embraces absurdity and persecutes reason; such is the nature of existentialist belief, that rationalization and logic are ultimately the essence of humanity, and that societal premonitions and an irrelevant status quo serve only to perpetuate a false sense of truth....
The Stranger is philosophical literature at its baffling best—it uses a fictional story to promote or explore one specific philosophy: Absurdism, in this case. You're going to hear a lot of people saying that The Stranger is existentialist fiction, and then you're going to hear a lot of other (rather angry) people railing about how, no, Camus was adamantly not an existentialist.
Together, these labors develop into a critique of hope as a reactionary sentiment that numbs collective action in the present and propose that within the folds of war lie moments of political significance that can be recovered and thought through, in order to initiate a livable living built with the unwelcome but necessary knowledge shouldered by unreconciled survivors.
Activity: "The Stranger" & Existentialism:
Step 1: Add as many post-its as you can to each motif poster:Step 2: Write a thesis or concluding sentence that integrates all the quotes on each poster
Soren Kierkegaard -- 19th Century Danish philosopher Philosophers Who Influenced Existentialism: Friedrich Nietzsche -- 19th century German philosopher Jean Paul Sartre-- 20th century French philosopher and writer Father of existentialism.
Camus died only three years afterwards, making The Fall his final piece of fiction.
Through these three novels, as well as his other works, Camus establishes and explores several ideas of his philosophy.
Bring in an outside text for Socratic Seminar & wrote about how it relates to the themes of The Stranger
Friday, October 9th
Part II Existentialism The Stranger: Background information The Stranger
Part 1 An Existentialist is concerned with:
Freedom and responsibility of the individual
Individual’s alienation from society
Facing life without the comfort of believing in GOD (not all existentialists are atheists)
An Existentialist believes:
Happiness exists only in the present
“I think, therefore I am” (Descartes)
Nature offers beauty and misery
Life is horrible, and then you die
Death fulfills nothing What You Need to Know: Existentialism &
The Stranger Symbols of Existentialism: The Sun Where have we seen the sun's influence in Part 1?
The first is , published in 1942, which tells the story of a detached, emotionless man convicted of murder, who finds existential freedom while in prison awaiting his death.
For one, it was written by , a French thinker known for his philosophy of the absurd, a close cousin to , and his frenemy status with , another French philosopher of the mid-1900s.
But perhaps Sartre's most important idea was that of radical personal freedom—the freedom to choose. We don't know about you guys, but we see a lot of that coming through at the end of The Stranger, especially in those last few lines. Meursault declares that all he has left now is to wish for a crowd of spectators—but he doesn't. One explanation for this (and we go into more detail in Meursault's Character Analysis) is that the point isn't for Meursault to feel less alone—it's that he can choose whether or not to be less alone. That he is able to choose, that he is aware of this ability, and that this is what defines his revelation, sounds a lot like Sartre.
In many forms of Existentialism, there is no relationship between these actions. Meursault defines himself by burying his mother, and again, later, defines himself by killing the Arab—but there is nothing linking them, no essence defining Meursault other than that created momentarily by his actions.