Since ancient times the world has had its list of (usually seven) wonders. In antiquity, the Great Pyramid of Giza (the only wonder from the original list still standing), the statue of Zeus at Olympia, the Colossus of Rhodes (, gigantic, version of which is being built today), and others were among the occupants of the list. Over time, the world’s wonders changed depending on the identity and place of residence of the list’s compilers, who included such places as the Great Wall of China, the Taj Mahal, and England’s Stonehenge.
All in all, Taj Mahal remains to be the most beautiful place ever built. Its fully-fledged construction makes people breath heavily when they take a look at it. Its history makes people believe in truly love, while they will always remember that the queen Mumtaz was an inspiration for such an exclusive beauty. Some of those who had a chance to visit Taj Mahal say that it is an elegy in marble, others keep telling that it is a genuine symbol of everlasting love.
Everyone in this bustling world has a place that he/she would like to visit at least once during the life. These places are different: someone likes famous spots, the others like far-reaching localities that hardly anyone knows about their existence. Nevertheless, these places exist and they make people’s enthusiasm to attain them grow twice. They bring people nearer to their dreams and turn them into reality. This essay is going to present one of such spots which has occupied a place in the top list of cherished sites in the world. The name of it is Taj Mahal.
Undoubtedly, Taj Mahal is considered to be one of the mostly admired and iconic targets of the travel. Moreover, it is also well-known as a part of the “Seven Wonders of the World”. It is situated closed to Agra in Uttar Pradesh, one of the Indian states. Each year it is an attraction for more than 3 million tourists from all over the world. Taj Mahal is the most sophisticated masterpiece of Mughal architecture.
Originally, Taj Mahal is a mausoleum or, in other words, a great tomb. According to myths, it was founded in 1648 by Mughal emperor Shal Mahal for his wife Mumtaz Mahal who died after giving a birth to their fourteenth child. That was the reason why this place had been given a label of symbol of love and devotion. The local people are very grateful and respectful for having a chance to cherish this place and to keep its traditions. Even now, Taj Mahal is a well-liked honeymoon place for a lot of sweethearts. It is known to be a site where love gets stronger and couples live long and happy lives. It is a place full of romance which starts in hearts of married couples and never ends.
Since its completion in 1648, the mausoleum commissioned by the fifth Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan, for his wife Mumtaz Mahal, has come to symbolize many things: the undying love of a man for his wife, the perfection of Mughal architecture, the ideal synthesis of various strands of subcontinental aesthetics, even an icon of modern India itself. Exploring different perspectives brought to the magnificent structure—by a Mughal court poet, an English Romantic traveler, a colonial administrator, an architectural historian, or a contemporary Bollywood filmmaker—this book is an incomparable guide through the varied and changing ideas inspired by the Taj Mahal, from its construction to our day. In Tillotson’s expert hands, the story of a seventeenth-century structure in the city of Agra reveals itself as a story about our own place and time.
An enduring monument of haunting beauty, the Taj Mahal seems a symbol of stability itself. The familiar view of the glowing marble mausoleum from the gateway entrance offers the very picture of permanence. And yet this extraordinary edifice presents a shifting image to observers across time and cultures. The meaning of the Taj Mahal, the perceptions and responses it prompts, ideas about the building and the history that shape them: these form the subject of Giles Tillotson’s book. More than a richly illustrated history—though it is that as well—this book is an eloquent meditation on the place of the Taj Mahal in the cultural imagination of India and the wider world.
Taj Mahal is unique for various reasons. One of them is that it was constructed in such a way that it looks equal from any direction. The cupola of the building makes it look majestic, especially when one sees it from the inside where it is seemed more impressive. Furthermore, Taj Mahal is not considered a single place. However, it is a complex of palaces bounded one to another. The main area in Taj Mahal is called cenotaphs, the place where Shal Mahal and his wife were sleeping. Nevertheless, their graves are located not in their room, but in the lower level. Another peculiarity of Taj Mahal is that it changes its color during the day. A lot of visitors are willing to observe how the marble changes shade, depending on the amount of sunlight and moonlight.
Symmetry and geometric planning played a crucial role in Taj Mahal construction. Bilateral symmetry (reflection symmetry) brings the idea of integration and pairing and in such a way reflects the spiritual notion of the world harmony. Moreover, Shal Mahal was using a hierarchical ordering in building this architectural phenomenon. He resorted to hierarchical use of red stones and white marble that received a symbolic ground. The case was that the Mughals believed that using those colors for building would mean the two main classes of Indian social structure and that it would make them the rulers. Additionally, Taj Mahal is full of naturalist ornaments that were created in order to give a hint that the building is nothing else but the paradise.