Frantz Fanon (1925–1961) was a prolific writer, psychiatrist, revolutionary, and theorist. Born in Martinique, Fanon worked in Algeria and made significant contributions in his research on the psychology of the colonized. His works place much attention on the inhumanity of colonization and the harsh reality of racism. A former student of Césaire, he dismissed the concept of Négritude as too simplistic and claimed in his 1952 book, Peau noire, masques blancs, that the notion of the "black soul was but a white artifact."
The writers of the Harlem Renaissance, such as Langston Hughes and Claude McKay, who lived in France in order to escape American racism and segregation, influenced the founders of the Négritude movement. Many years later, Léon-Gontran Damas, cofounder of Négritude, and Langston Hughes share a moment.
Jane Nardal was credited by her sister as the first "promoter of this movement of ideas so broadly exploited later" by the so-called Trois Pères (Three Fathers), the movement leaders who "took up the ideas tossed out by us and expressed them with more flash and brio... Let's say that we blazed the trail for them." Senghor acknowledged as much in 1960, when he wrote: "We were in contact with these black Americans during the years 1929–34, through Mademoiselle Paulette Nardal who, with Dr. Sajous, a Haitian, had founded La Revue du monde noir. Mademoiselle Nardal kept a literary salon, where African Negroes, West Indians and American Negroes used to get together." After her death in 1985, Césaire paid tribute to Paulette Nardal as an initiatrice (initiator) of the Négritude movement and named in her honor a square in Fort-de-France, the capital of Martinique.
is a writer, singer and clinical social worker. She began her writing career as a humorous feature writer for The Village Voice, and The Soho Weekly News. Since then she has published mystery fiction in Alfred Hitchcock’s Mystery Magazine and has been nominated for several awards, including a Derringer Award for her 2003 story, Amazing Grace. Her most current non-mystery short fiction has been published in the Bellevue Literary Review, a journal of humanity and human experience, and has recently been anthologized in The Best of the Bellevue Literary Review. Harriet’s novel, Graveyard Blues, was published in 2010 by Hamilton Stone Editions.
is the author of more than 20 books from publishers including Charles Scribner's Sons, Ohio University Press, Montemayor Press, West Virginia University Press, HarperCollins, and Hamilton Stone Editions. Of her first collection of short stories, The New York Times Book Review said: "Ms. Willis...provides a[n]...important lesson on the nature and function of literature itself." See MSW's website at
Langston Hughes was a prolific writer. In the forty-odd years between his first book in 1926 and his death in 1967, he devoted his life to writing and lecturing. He wrote sixteen books of poems, two novels, three collections of short stories, four volumes of "editorial" and "documentary" fiction, twenty plays, children's poetry, musicals and operas, three autobiographies, a dozen radio and television scripts and dozens of magazine articles. In addition, he edited seven anthologies. The long and distinguished list of Hughes' works includes: Not Without Laughter (1930); The Big Sea (1940); I Wonder As I Wander" (1956), his autobiographies. His collections of poetry include: The Weary Blues (1926); The Negro Mother and other Dramatic Recitations (1931); The Dream Keeper (1932); Shakespeare In Harlem (1942); Fields of Wonder (1947); One Way Ticket (1947); The First Book of Jazz (1955); Tambourines To Glory (1958); and Selected Poems (1959); The Best of Simple (1961). He edited several anthologies in an attempt to popularize black authors and their works. Some of these are: An African Treasury (1960); Poems from Black Africa (1963); New Negro Poets: USA (1964) and The Best Short Stories by Negro Writers (1967).
Négritude is a cultural movement launched in 1930s Paris by French-speaking black graduate students from France's colonies in Africa and the Caribbean territories. These black intellectuals converged around issues of race identity and black internationalist initiatives to combat French imperialism. They found solidarity in their common ideal of affirming pride in their shared black identity and African heritage, and reclaiming African self-determination, self–reliance, and self–respect. The Négritude movement signaled an awakening of race consciousness for blacks in Africa and the African Diaspora. This new race consciousness, rooted in a (re)discovery of the authentic self, sparked a collective condemnation of Western domination, anti-black racism, enslavement, and colonization of black people. It sought to dispel denigrating myths and stereotypes linked to black people, by acknowledging their culture, history, and achievements, as well as reclaiming their contributions to the world and restoring their rightful place within the global community.
In April of 2010, Hamilton Stone Editions published 's Available Light, Recollections and Reflections of a Son, a set of linked essays on fathers and sons, generations and mortality. Jansen’s work—essays, poems, fiction—has appeared in a variety of publications, such as Gargoyle, Alimentum () Fugue, The Bloomsbury Review, LIT, Innisfree Poetry Journal and 32 Poems-Vol. 6, No. 1(), among others, and are reprinted in and . His works in Hamilton Stone Review are in issues 12, 15, and 21. Jansen is also a long-time Contributing Editor to The Bloomsbury Review of Books and is the creator of it short essay section, “Out of Bounds.” He is also a founding Board member of Radical Teacher, along with Paul Lauter, Richard Ohmann, Louis Kampf, having co-edited the issue on privatization with Dick Ohmann. He has blogged for Radical Teacher as well, and was an editor for University Review where he interviewed Norman Mailer and later Jerzy Kosinski. Other interviews have included Li-Young Lee (collected in Breaking the Alabaster Jar, Conversations with Li-Young Lee, BOA, 2009) as well as D. Nurkse, Cornelius Eady, Michael Cunningham and David Means. He was vice president of the National Book Critics Circle for 6 years.
Of major significance are the Harlem Renaissance intellectuals who fled to France to escape racism and segregation in the United States. Prominent among them were Langston Hughes, James Weldon Johnson, Richard Wright, and Claude McKay. McKay, who bemoaned divisions of blacks, was acclaimed by Senegalese poet and politician Léopold Sédar Senghor as the spiritual founder of Négritude values. Senghor argued that "far from seeing in one's blackness inferiority, one accepts it; one lays claim to it with pride; one cultivates it lovingly." Pan-Africanist leader Marcus Garvey similarly implored his peers: "Negroes, teach your children that they are direct descendants of the greatest and proudest race who ever peopled the earth."
is the author of books including the memoirs, Wet Earth and Dreams: A Narrative of Grief and Recovery, Beyond the Whiteness of Whiteness: Memoir of a White Mother of Black Sons, and The Mother Knot. Her novels include The Powers of Charlotte and Worlds Beyond My Control, Some Place Quite Unknown, and Inheritance. Lazarre taught writing and literature at the Eugene Lang College at the New School for many years, serving as director of the undergraduate writing program for much of that time. Her fiction and essays have been widely anthologized, taught, presented at colleges and universities and critically discussed in print and at national conferences. Among her awards and honors are the National Endowment Award in Fiction, the New York Foundation for the Arts Award in Fiction, the New School University Excellence in Teaching Award and the Myers Center Award for the Study of Human Rights in North America, for Beyond the Whiteness of Whiteness. Her website at at /.
is the author to King of Swords, a historical novel set during the Spanish-American War in Puerto Rico; and The Cisco Kid In The Bronx, an episodic novel about coming of age in New York City. He was an editor of Hanging Loose magazine and publications director at Teachers & Writers Collaborative. He worked for Chase, Merrill Lynch and TIAA-CREF as a computer analyst and programmer. Currently he lives and writes in Brooklyn.