His ideas on the need to preserve individual craftsmanship and had a major impact on William Morris, who founded the design firm of to recreate manual craftsmanship in the era of mass production.
Even so, his ideas had a strong impact on numerous designers, manufacturers and practitioners of , and led to the creation of several organizations to promote Arts and Crafts ideas, such as the Art Workers Guild (1884).
The virtues of village living where skilled artisans created beautiful things in small, human scale, craft shops using hand tools and traditional methods of one-of-a-kind manufacture might have been the heart of the Arts & Crafts philosophy, but these notions, appealing as they might have been, were already woefully outdated and wildly impractical even as the Arts & Crafts movement began in the late 1800s.
Home « Previous Page Next Page » Index to ArticlesNotes: 1 The Arts & Crafts period started in England around 1860 and had crossed to the United States by 1880.
“The popularity of Arts & Crafts style furniture just seems to grow, as more and more designer-makers adapt its details to original works. Darrell Peart is an authority on those details.”
Ashbee, who founded the Guild of Handicraft in 1888), and in the early years of the 20th century the ideals of the Arts and Crafts Movement spread abroad, notably to Germany, Austria, the Low Countries, and Scandinavia, where the Danish silver designer George Jensen was one of the key figures.
Other artists and designers associated with the Arts and Crafts Movement include the painters (1833-98), (1828-82), (1821-93) and the Scottish muralist John Duncan (1866-1945), the ceramicist William de Morgan (1839-1917), the illustrator (1872-98), the designers Philip Webb (1831-1915), Charles Francis Annesley Voysey (1857-1941) and Charles Ashbee (1863-1942), the architects Richard Norman Shaw (1831-1912), Edward William Godwin (1833-86), and WR Lethaby (1857-1931).
The Arts & Crafts Movement opened the door for in Europe (1890-1905), the modernist designs of Swiss architect (1887-1965), (1883-1969) and his in Germany (1919-33) and the (UAM) in France.
This necessitated a self-reliance which led to the widespread production of "folk arts and crafts" within these communities: crafts that reflected the diverse European origins of the people concerned.
If you are fortunate enough to own an Arts & Crafts home, you own a gem — a true American original — full of handcrafted details that are rarely seen in modern housing.
Its adherents - artists, architects, designers, writers, craftsmen and philanthropists - were united by a common set of aesthetics, that sought to reassert the importance of design and craftsmanship in all the arts in the face of increasing industrialization, which they felt was sacrificing quality in the pursuit of quantity.
Its supporters and practitioners were united not so much by a style than by a common goal - a desire to break down the hierarchy of the arts (which elevated like painting and sculpture, but looked down on ), to revive and restore dignity to traditional handicrafts and to make art that could be affordable for all.
Largely inspired by the writings of , an influential moralist and social critic of the time, the Arts & Crafts Movement was just one of many forms of rejection of the dehumanizing effects of factory system and mass production processes.
But before finally dying out around 1910 the Arts & Crafts Movement in America spawned a stunning revolution in architecture and design that largely dominated the 20th century until the mid-1930s.