An offshoot of this section is the pages, organised alphabetically by country and, for the USA, by State. All these schools announce that they use corporal punishment and give varying amounts of detail. There are now about 1,800 of these handbook links, covering Australia (1), Bahamas (2), Barbados (5), Ghana (7), Grenada (1), Kenya (2), Malaysia (9), Nigeria (3), Northern Mariana Islands (2), Pakistan (2), Philippines (2), Singapore (106), South Africa (3), Tanzania (1), Zambia (2), Zimbabwe (4) and the USA (about 1,600).
Use the search engine below if you are looking for a "needle in a haystack" such as the name of a town, a state or a person, or some specific aspect of corporal punishment not yet highlighted in . Also use the search engine if you want to be sure to find every occurrence of your search term throughout the website.
This was an assignment of our choice and I chose to do this topic, because the week before in Intro to Education we had discussed discipline methods and I was astonished to learn that corporal punishment still existed in schools.
All countries have laws that prohibit most physical assaults. Butthese same laws often have "" clauses that permit assaults: For example, under California law, "... a parent has the right to reasonably discipline a child by physical punishment and may administer reasonable punishment without being liable for battery. In order to be considered disciplinary the punishment must:"As of 2009-MAY, corporal punishment by parents is allowed, with restrictions:
As of 2008-NOV, there is no uniformity concerning corporal punishment in schools:
I am hoping that by including this piece of work on my webfolio others will become aware that corporal punishment is alive and used often in our schools.
Part of the paddled boys' testimony in the landmark 1977 Supreme Court case which upheld school corporal punishment as constitutional. (For more on this case, see "External Links" below.)
In the past, some paddles had holes drilled in them, to reduce air resistance, as in this picture from a fictional film (right). This supposedly increases the effectiveness of the punishment, but is nowadays rare, and explicitly disallowed by some school district regulations, probably because of fears that it could increase the propensity for bruising.
History. Much research remains to be done on the history of corporal punishment in American education. Presumably the early settlers brought their own existing practices with them from Europe. Whipping with a switch is much mentioned in literature in, especially, the 19th century, often making use of branches or twigs collected right outside the schoolroom.
One could regard some of this as analogous with canings by prefects in English schools. It seems to have been something quite different from fraternity paddling, a private unofficial activity that has more to do with hazing than punishment. Meanwhile at Texas A&M University, paddling with an ax handle has been described by one informed source as "the traditional method of discipline at the university" until as recently as the mid-1980s -- see .
Private and charter schools. Private schools are less constrained than public ones in matters of punishment. Often, part of their appeal to parents is that they can boast much better-behaved pupils than public schools because they are freer to impose strict discipline. This can involve some private schools in frequent applications of CP -- especially, but not only, some Christian schools, who are able to invoke biblical justifications for it. Some boarding schools, too, have been noted for making extensive use of the paddle, particularly "historically black" ones or those with a military emphasis.
Note also that some Texas high schools' athletic policies strongly discourage, or in a few cases even downright forbid, parents from opting their student athletes out of CP, in order not to encroach on playing and training time by requiring attendance at ISS or detention. One district (Newton ISD) goes so far as to write in its Athletic Handbook, "If student or parent/guardian does not agree with any of the above disciplinary actions, students should not be involved in athletics". Another (Mineola ISD), pointing out that "Athletes are required to be administered corporal punishment as needed", writes: "if the Campus Principal gives an athlete the option of swats instead of another form of punishment, the athlete MUST take the swats, or the Athletic Director reserves the right to administer swats along with the punishment the campus principal assigned".
Some schools explicitly state that no student will receive corporal punishment against his or her own wish. A few restrict the number of times per semester that a student may choose a spanking. At the other extreme, Sylacauga High in Alabama is one example of a school where any student assigned to detention class is always given the choice of being paddled instead.
Whether parental approval is required separately for each punishment or not, delaying the paddling overnight in this manner might be thought to give the student time to think about what is coming and resolve to change his or her behavior. It may also have the advantage of ensuring that all CP is given in a detached and calm manner, and doing it before lessons begin means that the student wastes no further time in the office when he or she should be in class.