Last but not least, the rapporteur deplores the fact that the Commission’s annual report now ranks only as a working document annexed to the report on the application of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. The political signal is a strong one: women’s rights are, apparently, a side issue. But reviewing the advances in gender equality must not be treated as a matter of minor importance. A return to growth depends on genuine equality between women and men. That is why the rapporteur is urging the Commission to restore the full political legitimacy of the report by having it officially adopted in its own right.
Sexual and reproductive rights are also worthy of discussion. The issue here has to do with public health and with women’s fundamental right to do what they wish with their own bodies. Parliament has advocated essential political principles in the past, and these might usefully be mentioned here.
Pan-Pacific womens networks also became effective advocates of womens political equality, as did those within countries with great regional diversity. As an example, women in India by the end of the nineteenth century were forming their own organizations. The first all-India organization, the Womens Indian Association was established in 1917, and by 1918 was holding gatherings all over India in support of womens franchise.
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Inter-regional and Pan-national Organizations: Region specific coalitions also strengthened individual movements. Although Latin American women participated in several inter-American and European conferences, they had more success when they formed supportive alliances within the South American continent. The first South American International Feminine Congress took place in Buenos Aires in 1910. And, although the 1928 founded Inter-American Commission of Women at first was driven by North American issues, it increasingly geared itself to the needs of Latin American women. By the 1940s, the Commission had become an almost exclusively Latin American organization.
– having regard to the proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on improving the gender balance among non-executive directors of companies listed on stock exchanges and related measures (women on boards directive ()),
Some of the different rights that women had, were that they could own property, borrow money, sign contracts, file for an annulment, and appear in court as a witness.
– having regard to the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (Istanbul Convention),
Fear of a Lose of Female rights. Some women and men worried that if the concept of male protection of women were broken, women would be forced to compete with men in areas which they were not prepared to. Giving women political independence would even change male/female roles in the family structure, severely damaging it.
Feminist and suffrage supporters in non-western regions tended to be accused of blindly imitating Western women, who were perceived as aggressive and shameless. Japanese womens internationalism was attacked using this very argument. In the years leading up to World War II, members of the Japanese Diet increasingly portrayed womens suffrage as immoral and as running counter to Japanese customs.
– having regard to the Commission communication of 5 March 2010 entitled ‘A Strengthened Commitment to Equality between Women and Men: A Women’s Charter’ (),
– having regard to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and in particular Article 6 thereof on women with disabilities, of 13 December 2006,
– having regard to the Commission staff working document of 16 September 2013 entitled ‘Mid-term review of the Strategy for equality between women and men (2010-2015)’ (SWD(2013)0339),
– having regard to the Commission staff working document of 8 May 2013 entitled ‘Report on Progress on equality between women and men in 2012’ (SWD(2013)0171),
Many Women didnt Want it. This rationale swayed many a male legislator. It is true that at times even well educated women in countries with high percentages of female illiteracy joined men who claimed that as long as the majority of women were still illiterate and ignorant, it would be dangerous to extend them the vote. The anti-suffrage groups in the U.S., for example, were mainly led by women.