It has been argued that the decline in impaired driving during the 1980’s and 1990’s can be attributed at least partly to a cultural shift such that this kind of behaviour is no longer socially acceptable. This shift was promoted by tougher impaired driving laws, police enforcement, educational campaigns, and the raising of public awareness by groups like MADD Canada and Ontario Community Council on Impaired Driving. It is no longer the norm to go out to a party and have three beers, three glasses of wine, and a glass of liqueur and then drive home. This cultural shift was most noticeable among young people who started designating drivers who would not drink and would drive them home safely. Even among adults, it has become the norm not to drive while impaired by alcohol. That does not mean that there are not drivers still out there who engage in such behaviour.
To put it more clearly the media's view on the situation that occurs or can occur when adolescents are left to make their own decisions or choices is that any given adolescent will choose to drink alcohol and most likely choose to drive while under the influence....
Additionally, increased attention to prevention programs that both impact on and affect adult behavior, such as server training, the designated driver concept, and intervention and education programs in secondary schools and colleges, have demonstrated some effectiveness in reducing alcohol-related driving fatalities.
Using the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) criteria for Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS), it is estimated that an alcohol crash occurs every 32 minutes. NHTSA defines an alcohol-related by a law enforcement agency and involved a vehicle operator or a non-occupant (e.g., pedestrian) with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.01 grams per deciliter (0.01 g/dl) or greater. In 1997, 16,189 alcohol-related fatalities occurred, 38.6% of the total fatalities for the year.
Advances in technology (i.e., automobile engineering and road design), less public acceptance of drinking drivers, decreases in per capita consumption, and a growing willingness by the States to adopt public policies aimed at preventing alcohol-related injuries and deaths and enforce legal sanctions against drinking drivers may all be factors in this decline.
"We believe these laws will have an impact upon alcohol-related traffic fatalities greater than any initiatives that have preceded them," said Brad Falick, executive director of Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD).
All repeat offenders will be required to have Breath Alcohol Ignition Interlock Devices, which prevent drunk drivers from starting a vehicle, installed in their cars.
Advise teens never to drink or do drugs, and not to get in a car if the driver has used drugs or alcohol. Encourage your teen to call you if such a situation arises to ensure they have a safe way home.
When combined with alcohol, such medications' adverse effects on driving skills are exacerbated, as are the effects of some antidepressants, most antihistamines, certain cardiovascular medications, and some antipsychotic medications (20).
Thirty-one states have laws that set 0. IO percent blood alcohol concentration (BAC) as the per se limit, making it illegal to drive with a BAC at or above that level. An illegal per se law makes it illegal in and of itself to drive with a BAC at or above the established limit. Under a per se law, a Breathalyzer test alone is sufficient evidence to go forward with a drunk driving charge. Only two states, Massachusetts and South Carolina, do not have a per se law.
Alcohol causes varying degrees of the following side effects in everyone who uses it; dullness of sensation, lowered sensory motor skills, lowered reactive or reflexive motor responses, impaired thought processes, impaired memory, impaired judgement, sleep or sleeplessness, and in extreme cases can cause coma and death.”(Hardcastle 1)....
A driver who has developed behavioral tolerance to driving a familiar car over a particular route under routine circumstances may drive without being involved in a crash, despite consumption of some alcohol (21,23).
According to the fact book, the average DUI offender is male, 34 years old, arrested between 11 p.m. and 4 a.m. on the weekend, and caught driving with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) level of 0.16 percent.
The event is intended to send a positive message to the community andremind the public that alcohol-related crashes are preventable when peoplecome together to urge fellow citizens to take responsibility for theiractions.
Statistics show more than five million high school students binge drink more than once a month and those who begin drinking before the age of 15 are at a high risk to become alcoholics.