Using the information from those readings and the FADIS images that correspond to them, write a short essay (approximately 3-4 pages or 850-1000 words, typewritten, double-spaced) comparing the innovations of Gustave Courbet to those of Eduoard Manet.
It was given by Bruyas to the Montpellier Museum. Courbet associated his ideas of realism in art with Socialism, and, having gained an audience, he promoted democratic and Socialist ideas by writing politically motivated essays and dissertations.To a friend in 1850 he wrote:
First there was David's and Ingres' Classicism. Then from about1820 into the mid-1830's, Delacroix's Romanticism. Then Corot'snaturalism; and then Courbet's kind. In the early 1860's Manet'sflat and rapid version of naturalism led the way, to be followedwithin less than ten years by Impressionism. Impressionism heldon as the leading manner until the early 1880's, where the Neo-Impressionismof Seurat and then the Post-Impressionism of Cézanne, Gauguin,and Van Gogh became the most advanced styles. Things get a littlemixed up during the last twenty years of the century, though itmay be only in seeming. At any rate Bonnard and Vuillard in theirearly, Nabi phase appear during the 1890's, and Fauvism entersthe competition by at least 1903. As it looks, painting movedfaster between the mid 1880's and 1910 or so than at any timewithin the scope of this hasty survey. Cubism took the lead awayfrom Fauvism within hardly a half a dozen years of the latter'semergence. Only then did painting slow down again to what hadbeen its normal rate of change between 1800 and the 1880's. ForCubism stayed on top until the mid-1920's. After that came Surrealism(I say Surrealism for lack of a better term: Surrealism's identityas a style still remains undetermined; and some of the best newpainting and sculpture of the latter 20's and the 30's had nothingto do with it). And by the early 1940's Abstract Expressionismand its cognates, tachisme and art informel, were on the scene.
Courbet (Gustave) / Commune / Ragon (Michel) / Susse (Famille) / Lorrain (Claude) / Romains (Jules) / Perruchot (Henri) / Rodez / Beaux-Arts / Collectif / Revue].