Thank you for your great lessons. It really helps a lot.
I have a question about a linking word ‘and’.
Would it be okay to start a sentence with ‘and’?
The descriptive and evaluative annotations are the two kinds that is possibly concise, entailing of just expressions, sentences and paragraphs, or it could be more proper.
These connecting words will help you explain reasons and causes for something which is very common in IELTS writing task 2, especially for cause / solution essays.
The linking words list below is essential for IELTS writing task 2 for high score. The examiner needs to see a range of linking words in your essay to award you a high score for the criterion of Coherence and Cohesion which is 25% of your marks. You will be checked on your range, accuracy and your flexibility of linking words in IELTS writing task 2. These connecting words are suitable for all types of essay writing as well as GT IELTS writing task 2
By using a range of connecting words you can improve the quality of your essays significantly. In writing we mainly use two types of connecting words: transitional adverbs and conjunctions. Note that there is a difference between these two.
The sentence given above is an example of a run-on sentence in which the clauses are neither separated by a full stop nor connected by a conjunction. A run-on sentence is grammatically incorrect and must be avoided in writing.
Here the subordinating conjunction although is grammatically connected to the sentence. We cannot remove although without causing ungrammaticality.
Apart from that, they can also help the reader to understand the connection between the writing of a writer and his thoughts. Although, there are various situations in which these words can be used but some of the important ones are as follows:
Transitional adverbs do not connect clauses or sentences. They merely ensure the flow of ideas between sentences and paragraphs. Transitional adverbs do not become a grammatical part of the sentence. In fact, you can remove them and the sentence will still be grammatically correct. Examples are: therefore, moreover, generally speaking, in addition and however.
It is important to maintain hope when life is crumbling around you and freedom is what humans strive for in order to execute what they please during their existence on earth.
An experienced writer would be aware of the fact that although, these words help in connecting two sentences of the paragraph, but at the same time, it makes it more complicated too. However, there are no limitations for using the transitional words, they can be used within a sentence or even within a paragraph, but still it is preferred not to use them in a large quantity.
Find out how good you are at linking sentences and paragraphs together in this 'linking words' activity. You will need your OU computer username and password to access the activity. (Activity adapted from Coe, N., Ernest, P. and Rycroft, R (1983) Writing Skills. A Problem-Solving Approach, Cambridge University Press.)
According to Craig, Einstein believed that “the basic premise of relativity is that neither time nor space is absolute.” Craig then goes on to explain the background of time dilation, and tries to explain the complicated mathematics behind time dilation....
Notice that in the second sentence, above, Sacagawea's name is a parenthetical element (structurally, the sentence adequately identifies her as "a pregnant, fifteen-year-old Indian woman"), and thus her name is set off by commas; Charbonneau's name, however, is essential to the meaning of the sentence (otherwise, which fur-trader are we talking about?) and is not set off by a pair of commas. Click for additional help identifying and punctuating around parenthetical elements.
Though weak, this paragraph is not a total washout. It starts with a topic sentence, and the sentences that follow are clearly related to the topic sentence. In the language of writing, the paragraph is (i.e., it contains no irrelevant details). However, the paragraph is not . The sentences are disconnected from each other, making it difficult for the reader to follow the writer's train of thought.