While the LSESD’s initiative did not address the underlying issues of the conflict, by getting churches to see beyond their sectarian community and provide assistance without conditionality, it was possible to get them to see the value of international humanitarian standards. This required considerable training and mentoring, and came at a cost to the local church community. It is acknowledged that working through local religious institutions is a significant challenge, but one that needs to be explored further in contexts such as the Middle East.
While some of Shlaim's arguments hinder the message, I agree with his overall thesis that the Middle East problems were caused and prolonged by the failure of both powers and superpowers to take into account the regional interests of the local states....
However, this was not the end of conflict, which is almost synonymous with history, in the area, and it has remained divided and cannot truly be lumped together as one unit, the Middle East, but we do it anyways.
The war in Afghanistan, following so shortly after the 9/11 attacks and against a regime withclear links to Al Qaeda, enjoyed relatively broad popular support — or at least relatively littlepublic opposition. However, the President followed up the war in Afghanistan with a waragainst Saddam Hussein's government in Iraq; and that war was, and remains, much morecontroversial. Despite persistent attempts by the President to link Iraq to the 9/11 attacks, theevidence indicates that any such connections were tenuous at best. The administration has fallenback on claiming that the war in Iraq is a necessary part of the war on terror because Saddamwas working to create weapons of mass destruction (a claim since disproven, and which it nowappears had little plausible evidence for it even at the time), or because Saddam's unquestionablybrutal regime fostered terrorists, or because a democratic government in Iraq will stabilize theMiddle East, or similar reasons.
No war is ever undertaken for a single reason; and while there may be noble motives involved,there are always elements of national interest and as well. In the case of Iraq, it isplausible to suspect that gaining control over substantial oil reserves, and establishing apermanent military base in a strategically-located position in the Middle East, are also factors inthe administration's decision to prosecute this war. However, whatever this mixture of strategyand principle, the vision for the war — the way the war is understood — is as part of the global waron terror.
Ten thousand years have passed since, and the area has seen much conflict, but the many invasions by great civilizations, such as the Egyptian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Persian, Greek, and Roman empires, have made the Middle East into the ethnically, racially, linguistically, culturally, and politically diverse culture that it is today.
It was a stressful time in the history of the Middle East, yet there were no true wars during this time, and sadly, the area has not had much respite since.
From 1948 to 1950 is a more well known section in the history of the Middle East; the Arab-Israeli War, in which there were a series of attacks on the outnumbered new state of Israel which were uncoordinated since, as said before, the Middle East is not a cohesive unit at this point in time, and were actually beaten back a bit by Israel which gained more land than they were allotted by the UN partition until an armistice was signed on January 7, 1949.
Although there are many conflicts going on in this particular moment in the middle east, I have chosen the ongoing conflict involving Israel and Palestine, primarily due to the death of Yasser Arafat....
Religion is an integral part of Arab society and life in the Middle East. However, most scholars between World War II and the Iranian Revolution of 1979 did not see religion as a dynamic force within Arab society. While they acknowledged its reality as part of culture, with the rise of Arab nationalism, socialism, Zionism, and liberal thinking, they reckoned it as having a diminishing influence on Arab society. Scholars presumed that the Middle East would follow the path of the European Enlightenment. However, the last few decades have seen a rise in religiosity in the Arab world. There is little separation between religious institutions—and their leaders—and the state. Religion has become deeply meshed with the politics and structure of the modern state. National identity is not only defined by religion, but often individuals have their religion stated on their identity cards. Public and private morality in a number of countries is legislated through Shariah. While it varies in scope between the various countries, the state controls religious activity. Civil society and civil activism have deep religious roots, dating back to Muslim reformers in the early centuries of Islam and Christian missions in the 1800s. Religious organizations and mission agencies (both Muslim and Christian) provide extensive social services in health, education, and other charitable and development activities as an expression of their faith.
While Lebanon is probably the most politically and socially liberal Arab country in the Middle East, religion is still a fundamental building block of society and politics. There are 18 officially recognized religious confesssions in the country, and all citizens must belon to one. Political parties are primarily aligned along religious lines. While there are still many mixed neighborhoods, one of the legacies of the civil war (1975-1990) was the mass movements of populations, resulting in the informal segregation of neighborhoods according to religion and confession. Multireligious or civil marriages are against the law and not recognized. Secularism and secular civil society have a very small foothold in the country.
To dig a little deeper and go back a little further in Middle East history one will find that this pattern of unrest stems from as far back as proof provides.
To see a timeline of significant wars or battles of the Middle East, the picture is better illustrated on just how long this territory of earth has been in domestic or national conflict....