This collection of graphic organizers was designed to help with the pre-writing stage of comparing and contrasting. We have created four different organizers so you can pick the one that works best for your students. When you work on compare & contrast essays with your students, what are your expectations? How many paragraphs do you expect and how many sentences do you ask to be in each paragraph? We would love to hear what you do in your room. Have some great students samples – we would love to see them if you’re willing to share!
Transition words for essays Best Academic Writers That Deserve Sophia Learning Transitional Words and Phrases that Signal Comparison and Contrast
They enhance the understandability and logical organization of an article by helping the readers know the relationship of the previous and following sentence and/or paragraph in the paper they are reading.As the term implies, compare and contrast transition words are transitional phrases/words that show comparison and contrasting relation of two ideas.
Comparison and Contrast structure is used to explain how two or more objects, events, or positions in an argument are similar or different. Graphic organizers such as venn diagrams, compare/contrast organizers, and data matrices can be used to compare features across different categories. Primary grade children can begin to use words such as and to compare things. Other words used to signal comparison and contrast organizational structures include , , , , and .
To help your reader keep track of where you are in the comparison/contrast, you’ll want to be sure that your and topic sentences are especially strong. Your thesis should already have given the reader an idea of the points you’ll be making and the organization you’ll be using, but you can help her/him out with some extra cues. The following words may be helpful to you in signaling your intentions:
As you generate points of comparison, consider the purpose and content of the assignment and the focus of the class. What do you think the professor wants you to learn by doing this comparison/contrast? How does it fit with what you have been studying so far and with the other assignments in the course? Are there any clues about what to focus on in the assignment itself?
But it’s not always so easy to tell whether an assignment is asking you to include comparison/contrast. And in some cases, comparison/contrast is only part of the essay—you begin by comparing and/or contrasting two or more things and then use what you’ve learned to construct an argument or evaluation. Consider these examples, noticing the language that is used to ask for the comparison/contrast and whether the comparison/contrast is only one part of a larger assignment:
In your career as a student, you’ll encounter many different kinds of writing assignments, each with its own requirements. One of the most common is the comparison/contrast essay, in which you focus on the ways in which certain things or ideas—usually two of them—are similar to (this is the comparison) and/or different from (this is the contrast) one another. By assigning such essays, your instructors are encouraging you to make connections between texts or ideas, engage in critical thinking, and go beyond mere description or summary to generate interesting analysis: when you reflect on similarities and differences, you gain a deeper understanding of the items you are comparing, their relationship to each other, and what is most important about them.
Sometimes you may want to use comparison/contrast techniques in your own pre-writing work to get ideas that you can later use for an argument, even if comparison/contrast isn’t an official requirement for the paper you’re writing. For example, if you wanted to argue that Frye’s account of oppression is better than both de Beauvoir’s and Bartky’s, comparing and contrasting the main arguments of those three authors might help you construct your evaluation—even though the topic may not have asked for comparison/contrast and the lists of similarities and differences you generate may not appear anywhere in the final draft of your paper.