It is also estimated that 155 children are arrested for his or her participation in violent crimes every year and that most of this violence is directly related to gangs and gang activity (World Vision, 2011)....
A gang subculture has also emerged on Native American reservations. These gangs are primarily composed of youth. They engage in less criminal behavior than other gangs; according to the , gang behavior is more about group cohesiveness, predatory activities, and a party atmosphere than it is about organized criminal behavior with a profit motive. Gangs on reservations tend to be small and unaligned with large, national gang networks. Even though violent crime is on the increase, most gang activity on reservations is associated with graffiti, vandalism, and drug sales.
Being in a gang can be dangerous. Former members can tell many stories about the difficulties one encounters in gang life. Besides living a life with the potential for more violence and crime than the average youth would experience, many other consequences exist. Although such consequences might vary considerably among individuals, Terence P. Thornberry, David Huizinga, and Rolf Leober, in "The Causes and Correlates Studies: Findings and Policy Implications" (, September 2004), and Dana Peterson, Terrance J. Taylor, and Finn-Aage Esbensen, in "Gang Membership and Violent Victimization" (, December 2004), address some of the most commonly encountered consequences:
The notes that "youthful gang members have 'no fear of death' and often is what is important in gang dynamics. This factor contributes to retaliatory gang violence and criminal acts that are increasingly violent in nature."
Some evidence suggests that even though the number of active gangs and gang membership is holding steady or declining, gang violence is getting worse. Egley and Ritz indicate that two cities, Los Angeles and Chicago, reported that more than half of the homicides in those cities were considered gang related, whereas the remaining 171 cities that responded to the survey considered approximately a quarter of all homicides to be gang related. The number of gang homicides in these cities in 2004 was 11% higher than the annual average of gang-related homicides over the past eight years.
Where you live, your teen's neighborhood can cause your teen to act more aggressively. The CDC points to several for youth violence including diminished economic opportunities, high levels of crime and socially disorganized neighborhoods. Therefore, if you live in a neighborhood where teens are forced to join gangs to survive and fighting is the norm, your teen is apt to act aggressively and participate in violent behaviors.
According to Statistics Canada, gang-related homicides have been unchanged for 2011 to 2012 years with 0.27 victims for every 100,000 of the population. In Ontario from 2002 to 2012, deaths peaked at 38 in 2003 and lowered significantly in 2004 to 17. These numbers prove that gang-related violence are a constant battle in many communities every year....
Whereas in present time gang violence within schools has but become a growing pandemic, infecting not only poorly resourced schools but a few private schools as well.
Within this essay the growing phenomenon of gang violence will be discussed, with reference to the group dynamic concepts that exist in the field of Sociology....
Starbuck, Howell, and Lindquist note that in places where gangs are a fairly recent phenomenon, drug sales and distribution are less likely to be major problems. Gang member involvement in drug sales is most prevalent in areas where gangs emerged between 1981 and 1985, at the height of the crack cocaine epidemic. The gangs that emerged in the 1960s and 1970s in Los Angeles and Chicago were highly organized and entrepreneurial and had control of drug distribution across wide areasand the violent crime that went with it.
Most criminal activities of the street gangs of the early twentieth century involved delinquent acts or petty crimes, such as brawls with rival gangs. As the twentieth century progressed, however, gangs began getting involved with more serious crimes. By the late twentieth century, law enforcement officials had come to regard gang members in general as serious criminals who engaged in the illegal trafficking of drugs or weapons and used intimidation tactics and violence to pursue their goals. Respondents to the National Youth Gang Survey (NYGS) emphasized that a gang was defined by involvement in group criminal activity along with some degree of definition of a group as a separate entity, such as having a name, displaying distinct colors or symbols, or engaging in activities to protect the group's territory. Law enforcement officers note that in the 1980s and 1990s more and more gang members began to support themselves through dealing drugs, such as crack cocaine and heroin. Many were said to have easy access to high-powered weapons. In addition, the proliferation of gangs in the late twentieth century meant that groups moved beyond city boundaries into suburban and rural areas as well. This movement into new territories occurred about the same time that youth violence surged in the 1980s and early 1990s.
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(FBI) The gangs that are producing these high violent crime rates are not concentrated in one area but rather spread throughout the hearts of cities all across the country.