This tense is often used to mean something that began in the past but still affects you now You write in present tense in essays like this for two reasons 1) you may need past tenses for that part.
What tense do I use when writing an essay about an historical fiction novel?
When writing a history essay, do you write in past tense?
21 Feb 2013 Even an essay that does not explicitly tell a story involves implied time frames Generally, writers maintain one tense for the main discourse and indicate Darkened and sprang up are past tense verbs; announces is present.
The problem with "right here right now" in writing assignments for a history class is the writer doesn't have to engage the reader in the story. The writing has the reader's full and undivided attention at all times, because I'm the reader and I'm totally involved—I guarantee it!—in whatever you have to say. Nor do you need to encourage me to see the past vividly. I do that naturally, because it's my job and I love it. So, for your writing assignments in a history course, please don't use the present tense, when describing the past. Use the past tense, instead.
Including present-tense verbs in historical, academic prose can also lead to trouble when, as is inevitable, you must at some point revert to past-tense verbs. Here's what it sounds like when you mix present and past tenses:
The contrast between the present-tense forms ("is forced," "has to re-Christianize") and past-tense forms ("was," "resolved") is something short of graceful. Moreover, to vacillate between these can be disconcerting to your readers. I mean, are we supposed to imagine we are right there alongside Charlemagne suffering his troubles, or viewing him from a safe historical distance and reflecting calmly upon his tribulations with the Saxons?
Note also that no source citation is needed here since it is a
widely known and well-accepted fact that Galileo made this assertion.)
Sexual dimorphism in body size is common among butterflies (Singer1982).(Note how this
statement differs from one in which you refer to the researcher's work in the sentence: "Singer
(1982) stated that sexual dimorphism in body size is common among butterflies." Here you use past
tense to indicate what Singer reported, but present tense to indicate a research result that is
unlikely to change.)
We chose Vietnam for this study because it has a long coastline.
To describe your methodology and report your results.
At the time you are writing your report, thesis, dissertation or article, you have already completed your study, so you should use past tense in your methodology section to record what you did, and in your results section to report what you found.
We hypothesized that adults would remember more items than children.
We extracted tannins from the leaves by bringing them to a boil in 50% methanol.
In experiment 2, response varied.
When referring to the work of previous researchers.
When citing previous research in your article, use past tense.
(Use past tense to indicate what
you did [chose Vietnam], but present tense to indicate you assume that the length of Vietnam's
coastline is unlikely to change.)
We used cornmeal to feed the fingerlings because it provides high nutritional content at a
relatively low cost.
Use different grammatical constructions in your IELTS letters and essays. Sticking to just one tense is a great mistake. By using different grammatical structures you can add variety and sophistication to your writing and that is exactly what the examiner is trying to assess. Remember that your letters and essays are marked for their grammatical range and accuracy.
(Past tense reflects what you did [used cornmeal], but present tense indicates
that neither the nutritional content nor the cost of corn meal is likely to change.)
To refer to the article, thesis or dissertation itself.
Use the present tense in reference to the thesis or dissertation itself and what it contains, shows, etc.
(Use past tense to
indicate what you found [weight increased], but use present tense to suggest what the result
Sources: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th Ed.
For example, while it's true that Caesar ruled long ago, the conclusions which current researchers infer from the surviving evidence about his life and reign are modern, living things. Thus, "Caesar's generalship leaves behind the impression of the right man at the right moment in history." In other words, if your point is that some thesis about the past exists today, state that opinion in the present tense: "This promotes the idea that . . ." or "Justinian's failures suggest that the internal disarray of the Byzantine Empire was his responsibility because . . ."
How to Present.
21 Feb 2009 Hi, I'm writing an essay for my english coursework based on whether you write in past tense or present tense when talking about what happens in play Best Answer: You can do it either way; if you are going through.