Some of the major tenets of Federation were: white Australia; industry protection; civilised wage and arbitration system; state paternalism, and imperial benevolence (Cain, 1996), and the first three of these were advocated by Labor.
Other chapters highlight particular facets of the Federation process. JohnBannon’s chapter on South Australia makes special mention of the role andattitude of the press. James Warden emphasises the rise of popular sovereigntywith the establishment of universal adult suffrage in Tasmania shortly afterFederation, an event that he portrays as the completion of the dissolution ofconvict society. The reflections on the significance of the Federation era forthe nature of government are welcome, although Warden surely overstates theimportance of royal assent to the wider State franchise (significant though itwas) as a moment of fundamental transformation: ‘[I]n 1904, with theassent of the Governor, the people of Tasmania ceased to be the governed andbecame the electors’, he writes, as if no one had been able to votebefore.
A federation must avoid centralized control of laws or policies. The power must be shared between the federal government and the territories (Brown, 2007). The case in the national scheme for registration and accreditation of medical professionals seems to be different from the policies of a federation. The agreement gives the state of Queensland a go ahead to be the leader state in enactment of the primary legislation for the establishment of the national scheme for the medical professionals. According to the implementation plan of the agreement, the Queensland legislation would be applied in the national jurisdictions of the states of Western Australia, Victoria, New South West and the Australian Capital Territory. This gives the state of Queensland a central position in controlling legislation that goes beyond its boundaries.
With Lottoland no longer selling bets on the numbers drawn for Australian lottery games, I expect it will intensify its marketing of bets on overseas lotteries. One focus I think we will see is more of is their syndicates. They have a comprehensive offer.
The Australian Natives' Association in Victoria began a campaign to have 26 January celebrated throughout Australia as Australia Day on a Monday, making a long weekend. The Victorian government agreed with the proposal in 1931, the other states and territories following by 1935.
Many descendants of the New Australian utopians have since migrated to Australia. Despite this however the Australia Government does not grant the descendants of the New Australian utopians special migration consideration.
As can be seen, there are many aspects that make the Australian Constitution unique among all those worldwide. This is because of its background leading to its present and lasting stability as well as the roles played by those at the head of executive government. Indeed, it is these factors that contribute to make Australia's Constitution so special.
"Australia is a quirky country. It is happy to have as heroes Phar Lap, a racehorse who died, Les Darcy, a boxer who died, Ned Kelly, a bushranger who was hanged, and Simpson, a private soldier shot by a Turkish sniper. It celebrates a military adventure called Gallipoli that, brave as it was, was lost from the second day. We like gritty failures and folk heroes. Bradman , the folk hero who didn't stumble, is an exception. "
Another significant point in the singularity of the Australian Constitution, is the role of both the Queen and the Governor-General. Their roles within the Commonwealth of Australia are often mistaken. It is often (wrongly) said that the Queen is Australia's Head of State. In reality, her role is restricted to that of Sovereign and figurehead, vested (ie. the authority furnished) of executive power. In fact, it is the Governor-general who holds the role of Head of State, exercising executive power as the Queen's representative as per Section 61 of the Constitution. Within these duties, he has many duties within parliament, especially at election times, as well as approving legislation in the Queen's name. He is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Australian Defence Force (a more ceremonial role). He must also perform many civil ceremonial duties including state visits, diplomatic visits, investitures, and opening Parliament. Also, he is involved in many things that encourage and represent things that unite Australians as the nation that we are today. Although her role within the Commonwealth is mainly ceremonial, the Queen also is an important figurehead, a 'rallying point' for many Australians.
Papers of Sir Josiah Symon, South Australian parliamentarian and delegate to the 1897-98 Convention. Among the papers are correspondence with political leaders, Convention documents and newspaper cuttings.
Australian Inspirationis a unique and uniquely Australian project dedicated to capturing and celebrating the voice and spirit of Australians, and to creating an ongoing resource for schools, communities and the nation.
In May 1890 he began the community-funded Brisbane weekly The Worker, which was more radical, anti- employer, the government and anti- British. The defeat of the 1891 Australian shearers’ strike confirmed to Lane that there would be no real social change without a complete restructure of society along socialist lines. The Worker became increasingly devoted to a ‘New Australia’ utopia.
The Workingman’s Paradise, a novel set in the 1891 Shearer’s Strike, was published under his pseudonym John Miller in early 1892. The Workingman’s Paradise promoted the idea that political concept of anarchism was the best form of the structuring of a fair and equal society and that society may have to experience a period of State socialism to achieve the ideal of ‘communist anarchism’. The Australian poet Mary Gilmore wrote in a letter that: the whole book is true and of historical value as Lane transcribed our conversations as well as those of others.