That population does invariably increase, where there are themeans of subsistence, the history of every people that have everexisted will abundantly prove.
Edwards is a world-renowned biologist who led the fight in the 1960s to counter the propaganda program waged by environmentalists and population-control advocates to ban further use of DDT.
The question that I am most frequently asked is, "How can you possibly believe that there are people who intend to kill off large segments of the world's population?"My answer is really quite simple.
What is the significance of your findings?
What are the implications of your conclusions for this topic and for the broader field?
Are their any limitations to your approach?
Are there any other factors of relevance that impact upon the topic but fell outside the scope of the essay?
Are their any suggestions you can make in terms of future research?
Just as Adolf Hitler wrote of his plans for Europe in "Mein Kampf" (My Plan), so, too, those who intend to depopulate large segments of the earth have written of the necessity of limiting the world's population.
Whether the law of marriage be instituted, or not, the dictateof nature and virtue, seems to be an early attachment to onewoman. Supposing a liberty of changing in the case of anunfortunate choice, this liberty would not affect population tillit arose to a height greatly vicious; and we are now supposingthe existence of a society where vice is scarcely known.
I think it will be allowed, that no state has hitherto existed (at least that we have any account of) where the manners were so pure and simple, and the means of subsistence so abundant, that no check whatever has existed to early marriages; among the lower classes, from a fear of not providing well for their families; or among the higher classes, from a fear of lowering their condition in life. Consequently in no state that we have yet known has the power of population been left to exert itself with perfect freedom.
The objective is to point out the differences in Indian and US population compositions, total fertility rates, economic conditions, disease control policies, growth, and literacy rates.
In a state therefore of great equality and virtue, where pureand simple manners prevailed, and where the means of subsistencewere so abundant, that no part of the society could have any fearsabout providing amply for a family, the power of population beingleft to exert itself unchecked, the increase of the human specieswould evidently be much greater than any increase that has beenhitherto known.
The different ratios in which population and food increase—Thenecessary effects of these different ratios of increase—Oscillation produced by them in the condition of the lowerclasses of society—Reasons why this oscillation has not been somuch observed as might be expected—Three propositions on whichthe general argument of the essay depends—The different statesin which mankind have been known to exist proposed to be examinedwith reference to these three propositions.
In the United States of America, where the means of subsistence have been more ample, the manners of the people morepure, and consequently the checks to early marriages fewer, thanin any of the modern states of Europe, the population has beenfound to double itself in twenty-five years.
This natural inequality of the two powers of population, andof production in the earth, and that great law of our naturewhich must constantly keep their effects equal, form the greatdifficulty that to me appears insurmountable in the way to theperfectibility of society. All other arguments are of slight andsubordinate consideration in comparison of this. I see no way bywhich man can escape from the weight of this law which pervadesall animated nature. No fancied equality, no agrarian regulationsin their utmost extent, could remove the pressure of it even fora single century. And it appears, therefore, to be decisiveagainst the possible existence of a society, all the members ofwhich, should live in ease, happiness, and comparative leisure;and feel no anxiety about providing the means of subsistence forthemselves and families.
This ratio of increase, though short of the utmost power ofpopulation, yet as the result of actual experience, we will takeas our rule; and say,