In the course of the discussion I was naturally led into some examination of the effects of this principle on the existing state of society. It appeared to account for much of that poverty and misery observable among the lower classes of people in every nation, and for those reiterated failures in the efforts of the higher classes to relieve them. The more I considered the subject in this point of view, the more importance it seemed to acquire; and this consideration, joined to the degree of public attention which the Essay excited, determined me to turn my leisure reading towards an historical examination of the effects of the principle of population on the past and present state of society; that, by illustrating the subject more generally, and drawing those inferences from it, in application to the actual state of things, which experience seemed to warrant, I might give it a more practical and permanent interest.
Thomas Robert Malthus published his Essay on the Principle of Population as a response to the Utopians, based on the facts of the poverty he saw around him.
Thomas Malthus and population growth video Khan Academy Buy An Essay on the Principle of Population Book Online at Low Prices in India An Essay on the Principle of Population Reviews Ratings Amazon in
Bomb Scare Foreign Policy Understanding Society blogger Thomas Malthus published his essay on Principles of Population in At the time the descending s was in fashion and this reconstruction uses the
Reference: Malthus, Thomas An Essay on the Principle of Population A Summary View of the Principle of Population Penguin Books, London 1985
Others did not accept the view that birth control should be forbidden after marriage, and one group in particular, called the Malthusian League, strongly argued the case for birth control, though this was contrary to the principles of conduct which Malthus himself advocated.
The Essay on the Principle of Population, which I published in 1798, was suggested, as is expressed in the preface, by a paper in Mr. Godwin's Inquirer. It was written on the impulse of the occasion, and from the few materials which were then within my reach in a country situation. The only authors from whose writings I had deduced the principle, which formed the main argument of the Essay, were Hume, Wallace, Adam Smith, and Dr. Price; and my object was to apply it, to try the truth of those speculations on the perfectibility of man and society, which at that time excited a considerable portion of the public attention.
In contrast to this viewpoint, Malthus interpreted overpopulation as an evil that would reduce the amount of food available per person.
In his famous treatise 'An Essay on the Principles of Population', Malthus stated that, .
In simple words, if human population was allowed to increase in an uncontrolled way, then the number of people would increase at a faster rate than the food supply.
He became curate of the parish of Albury in Surrey in 1798 andheld this post for a short time.
His main contribution is to Economics where a theory,published anonymously as "An Essay on the Principle ofPopulation" in 1798 has as a central argument that populationstend to increase faster than the supply of food available fortheir needs.
To quote directly from the essay:-
This suggestion was unmistakably outrageous given the moralitiesof the times (and would doubtless be most controversialtoday).
The Essay on the Principle of Population and other writingsencouraged the first systematic demographic studies and also hada significant influence in several ways:-
In Economics David Ricardo's, "iron law of wages" and theoryof distribution of wealth contain some elements of Malthus'theory.
However, this will only last till the population equals the food supply and the inflation ceases; after which, overall standard of living will rise and so will the population explosion reaching the same point, hence called the vicious cycle.
In his first edition of the essay, Malthus proposed two main solutions to the problem of population explosion, namely:
This method results in increase in death rate.
Words from another Autobiography, this time one by Alfred Russel Wallace, are also available to us as evidence of the massively significant influence of Thomas Malthus Essay on the Principle of Population.
It was in 1858 whilst he was laid up with a malarial fever at Ternate, in the Celebes Islands, that a possible solution to the of evolution flashed into form in Wallace's mind.
Malthus' most well known work 'An Essay on the Principle of Population' was published in 1798, although he was the author of many pamphlets and other longer tracts including 'An Inquiry into the Nature and Progress of Rent' (1815) and 'Principles of Political Economy' (1820). The main tenets of his argument were radically opposed to current thinking at the time. He argued that increases in population would eventually diminish the ability of the world to feed itself and based this conclusion on the thesis that populations expand in such a way as to overtake the development of sufficient land for crops. Associated with Darwin, whose theory of natural selection was influenced by Malthus' analysis of population growth, Malthus was often misinterpreted, but his views became popular again in the 20th century with the advent of Keynesian economics.