Nina Leopold Bradley
Kathe Crowley Conn Aldo Leopold Nature Center
...And One General Deduction "[T]he less violent the man-made changes, the greater the probability of successful readjustment in the pyramid." The Outlook "It is inconceivable to me that an ethical relation to land can exist without love, respect, and admiration for land and a high regard for its value.
Inspired by Leopold, his fellow professor at the University of Wisconsin, Van Rensselaer Potter, coined the term “bioethics” in the second half of the 20th century (1970).
Barbra Kingsolver, author of “High Tide in Tucson,” Aldo Leopold of A Sand County Almanac, and Rachel Carson of Silent Spring agree that the way many humans treat nature is worsening and needs to be reexamined....
In this essay, I intend to examine the idea of value in nature, drawing especially on Holmes Rolston III’s concept of systemic value and ecosytemic ethics and Aldo Leopold’s land aesthetic (as presented by J....
The websites of the and the in the provide excellent introductions and in-depth content on Leopold and his work. The opening chapter of summarizes his life and career. is the first complete biography. includes an especially succinct summary of the core themes that Leopold explored and developed. Building on these works, examines the evolution and integration of Leopold’s scientific, ethical, and literary interests.
The Aldo Leopold Foundation was established by the five children of Aldo and Estella Leopold in 1982. Its website contains extensive historical, archival, and bibliographic information on Leopold, with links to other major online sources.
The online Encyclopedia of Earth is a free, expert-reviewed reference collection about the earth, its natural environments, and their interaction with society. The Aldo Leopold Collection includes many of the citations and materials referenced in this article, as well as additional background information and links.
Flader, Susan L. 1994. Thinking like a mountain: Aldo Leopold and the evolution of an ecological attitude toward deer, wolves, and forests. Madison: Univ. of Wisconsin Press.
Flader, Susan L., and J. Baird Callicott, eds. 1991. The river of the mother of god and other essays by Aldo Leopold. Madison: Univ. of Wisconsin Press.
Leopold argues that we Americans have manipulated the landscape and ecosystem of the prairie so that it seems to be nothing more that a tool at our disposal.
Leopold remarks how ethics has 'extended' over the course of history: more fields of conduct became the subject of ethical reflection, which – in simple terminology – means that over time in more areas of life the question whether something is right or wrong was asked (or became a valid question). (The idea of slavery – that there have been times that slavery was 'acceptable' and that owners had the right to do as they pleased with their 'property' – makes this clear.)
Aldo Leopold, Wisconsin’s conservation hero and author of A Sand County Almanac, kept phenological records partly in order to track relationships among species, and partly as a hobby. The Leopolds made phenology a family affair, with all the kids joining in the fun of being the first one to observe a certain bird on the wing or a new bloom! In fact, one might read A Sand County Almanac as an elaborate "phenology journal," recounting the family’s experiences and observations during their times at "The Shack," their now-famous weekend getaway and site of their pioneering work in ecological restoration.
Aldo Leopold (b. 1887–d. 1948) is best known as the author of the conservation classic (, cited under ). The was the culminating contribution of a forty-year career that altered the course of conservation history. Born in Burlington, Iowa, Leopold was educated in local schools before graduating from the Lawrenceville School in New Jersey in 1905. He attended the Sheffield Scientific School at Yale University and then the Yale Forest School. After graduating with a Master’s degree in 1909, Leopold began his career in the US Forest Service (USFS) in the newly established national forests of Arizona and New Mexico. Except for a brief stint as secretary of the Albuquerque Chamber of Commerce, Leopold spent the next fifteen years working for the USFS in the American Southwest, gaining recognition for innovative work in forest and range ecology, game protection, watershed management, wilderness advocacy, and forest administration. In 1924 he was reassigned to Madison, Wisconsin, to serve as assistant (later associate) director of the US Forest Products Laboratory. In 1928 Leopold left the US Forest Service to pursue his primary interest in the emerging field of game (later wildlife) management. For the next two years he conducted a series of game surveys across the upper Midwest under the auspices of the Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers Institute. Leopold published the summary in 1931, followed in 1933 by the first text in the field, . That same year he joined the faculty of the University of Wisconsin as the first professor in the new field. He remained in this position for the remainder of his life, building the science and practice of wildlife ecology and management. His work, however, transcended his own specialty, as he brought the insights of ecology into natural resource management, while bolstering the philosophical and cultural foundations of a more integrated approach to conservation. Beginning in the late 1930s, his commitment to education and communication was expressed in the literary essays that would come together in . His summary essay “The Land Ethic” in the provided a cornerstone for modern environmental philosophy. Leopold’s influence continues to be felt in fields from forestry and wildlife ecology to soil and water conservation and wilderness protection, and in such emergent interdisciplinary domains as restoration ecology, conservation biology, ecological economics, and community-based conservation.